The Heritage of Tasmania: South-Eastern Region


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Previous Tasmanian Heritage Post: National Trust Tasmanian Heritage Register 15 - Eastern Coast: - Freycinet Peninsula, Maria Island, Bicheno, Buckland, Coles Bay, Cranbrook.

Table of Contents

This post is derived from "The Heritage of Tasmania; The Illustrated Register of the National Estate" (Macmillan, Melbourne 1983)
Old Post Office, Orford by C.F.L. Allport,
Old Post Office, Orford by C.F.L. Allport,

The Tasmanian National Trust Heritage list has been 'rescinded' by the State Government, so on these pages I have started to reconstruct it.
  1. Southern Region (previous pages 9 - 14)
  2. South-Eastern Region (previous, this and following pages)
    Freycinet Peninsula, Maria Island, Bicheno, Buckland, Coles Bay, Cranbrook, (on previous page)
    (this and next pages:) Earlham, Kelvedon, Little Swanport, Swansea; Triabunna,
  3. Western Region
  4. North West Region
  5. North East Region

Tasmania's South Eastern Coast with spectacular views
Tasmania's South Eastern Coast with spectacular views



S1. Earlham, 400 Earlham Road, Rheban TAS


  • Earlham is one of the southernmost homesteads in Tasmania.
  • Registered in 1976 with Woolpress, originally 'Topsail Hall' (1858) - Classified in 1976
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #103; CT165524/1
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Earlham is a coastal homestead just off the Griffiths Rivulet in southeast Tasmania, Australia situated about 60km east-northeast of Hobart.
Father and son Tim and Chris Chesterman run Earlham, on the southern part of Tasmania's east coast
Satellite map of Earlham homestead
Satellite map of Earlham homestead

View from Earlham
View from Earlham

From "Landline" the ABC: Short Rations, Reporter: Chris Clark

CHRIS CLARK: Tasmania has had droughts before but what makes this one different is its persistence and the fact that it covers much of the Midlands and east coast, around half the State's productive agricultural area.
  • TIM CHESTERMAN, EARLHAM: There's been a bit of rain in the last couple of weeks but for the last 2.5 years, the seasons have consistently failed.
    Our rainfall's just sort of almost non-existent.
  • CHRIS CHESRTERMAN: We've only had three inches for this year. Yeah, it's made it hard."

S2. Kelveden & Outbuildings, 12371 Tasman Highway Swansea 7190, Tasmania


  • Classified in 1976
  • Grade A National Trust heritage registered (source 2)
  • Register of the National Estate Record ID: 11718
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #62; CT108120/2
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1562
Kelvedon Estate is one of Tasmania’s oldest farming properties. It overlooks a spectacular coastline, surrounded by sheep and vines.
Kelvedon Estate
Kelvedon Estate

Francis Cotton (1800-1883) and wife Anna Maria (1801-1883) had belonged to the Society of Friends in England but were disowned because their marriage was solemnised outside the society.
  • They emigrated with their family and settled in Van Diemen’s Land in 1829.
  • They received a grant of land south of Swansea which they named Kelvedon and the property still remains in the Cotton family.
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An important east coast property group comprising a two storey homestead, stables, barn, shearing shed and cottage.
  • The homestead was built in 1830 by Francis Cotton on his original grant, and it was intended that it only be a temporary residence but survives (with extensions) today.
  • The fine stone outbuildings complement the homestead and are located in a rich landscape setting.
Francis Cotton (1800-1883)
Francis Cotton (1800-1883)

Anna Maria Cotton (1801-1883)
Anna Maria Cotton (1801-1883)


'Kelvedon' - Mr and Mrs Cotton's historic home near Swansea, photo by Jack Thwaites
'Kelvedon' - Mr and Mrs Cotton's historic home near Swansea, photo by Jack Thwaites

  • A later resident of the East Coast commented that some of the Cotton neighbours “was always quarrelin’ but the Cottons, they was different, but then they was Quakers, and the fightin’ bit has been left out o’ Quakers”. [1]
  • Kelvedon became, after Hobart, a main centre of Quakerism. First Francis and later Anna Maria Cotton were received again into the society and for some time the Monthly Meeting was held alternately at Kelvedon and Hobart Town and later when Launceston Monthly Meeting was formed the same procedure was followed between Kelvedon and Launceston.
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Kelvedon Estate was settled by the Cotton Family in 1829 and Jack Cotton is the 5th Generation on the estate.
The property is predominately native pasture and old growth forests.
Jack Cotton, of Kelvedon Estate at Swansea, has won the title of Tasmania’s top vineyard
Jack Cotton, of Kelvedon Estate at Swansea, has won the title of Tasmania’s top vineyard

  • The property area is 5300ha: it rises from sea level to 350m, and runs 10kms to the west into Native Old Growth Forests.
  • 1200ha of Forest has been set aside under the Private Forest Reserve Program to remain protected in perpetuity
    - covenants attached to Titles. Included are areas of Blue Gum Forest protected for Swift Parrot Habitat.

Kelvedon Garden


Kelvedon Garden
Kelvedon Garden
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This well known property is one of the east coast group of colonial gardens and buildings which have a different character from those in the rest of Tasmania; mainly by reason of a milder climate than the Midlands and the south.
'Kelvedon' is a typical representative of this significant group.
The garden is also associated with two historic figures connected with botany and gardens, L Meredith and Dr Storey.

Kelvedon Vinyard


  • Kelvedon was traditionally a fine wool sheep and Cattle property with some cropping, however in 1998 the family diversified into Viticulture. Initially 1ha of Pinot clones were planted and these vines form the foundation of the very successful Kelvedon Estate Label.
    In 2009 Kelvedon Estate won the prestigious Vineyard of the Year
For the Cotton Family the venture into Viticulture has been a highly successful and rewarding diversification and blends well with the other enterprises traditionally carried out on the property.
  • A FIFTH-GENERATION sheep farmer on Tasmania’s East Coast has won the coveted title for the state’s best vineyard for a second time.
  • Read more at The Mercury; Email: info@kelvedonestate.com.au

Little Swanport


Index of Little Swanport heritage listings:


  1. LS1. Ile Des Phoques Nature Reserve, Little Swanport, TAS
  2. LS2. Indigenous Place (1) Little Swanport TAS
  3. LS3. Indigenous Place (2) Little Swanport TAS
  4. LS4. Lisdillon Homestead, Outbuildings & Stone Wall, 11264 Tasman Hwy, Little Swanport TAS
  5. LS5. Lisdillon Church, now Mitchell Cottage, 11257 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS
  6. LS6. Lisdillon Salt Works Site, Saltworks Rd, Little Swanport, TAS, Australia
  7. LS7. Thalia Haven
  8. LS8. Mayfield RA 11610 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS
  9. LS9. Muirlands Log Barn, Cottage & Blacksmith's Shop Tasman Hwy, Little Swanport TAS
  10. LS10. Ravensdale, RA 10137 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport
  11. LS11. Rose Cottage 11275 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport
  12. LS12. Spiky Bridge Tasman Highway, Swansea TAS
  13. LS13. Three Arch Bridge, 11830 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS
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Physical 3D Map of Little Swanport
Physical 3D Map of Little Swanport



LS1. Ile Des Phoques Nature Reserve, Little Swanport, TAS



The Ile Des Phoques (French for Island of Seals) is an absolute haven for marine life and one of the best cold water dives in the world.
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  • You may like to take the opportunity to swim or snorkel with the seals
Ile des Phoques is a rugged granite island, with an area of 8 ha, part of the Schouten Island Group, lying close to the eastern coast of Tasmania, Australia near the Freycinet Peninsula.
  • It is a nature reserve. Wikipedia.
  • The island is an important Australian fur seal, arctocephelus PUSILLUS doriferus, haul-out site.
  • Coastal processes have produced an oustanding example of submarine sea caves in granite.
Description

Small exposed marine rocks with tussock grassland.
Condition and Integrity


Because access is only by boat in extremely fine weather or by helicopter, the island recieves low levels of visitation. It is therefore in fairly good condition. The Parks and Wildlife Service keeps a shack on the island.


LS2. Indigenous Place (1) Little Swanport TAS

  • No further information

LS3. Indigenous Place (2) Little Swanport TAS

  • No further information

LS4. Lisdillon Homestead, Outbuildings & Stone Wall, 11264 Tasman Hwy, Little Swanport TAS


  • Classified in 1976
  • Listed by the National Trust 1983
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 11723
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #29; CT154403/1, CT154404/1, CT222860/1, CT33610/3, CT33611/2, CT33928/1, CT33929/1, CT8669/2
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1526
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"The Lisdillon homestead dates from the very early days of the colony. It stands on a gentle swell within quarter of a mile of the sea shore, having on both flanks and in front shubberies and gardens, in excellent order, full of English and colonial trees, plants, and flowers, now answering to the call of spring, modestly blooming and shedding fragrance from amid a luxurious vernal growth. +

  • The house is unpretentious as to architectural excellence, a plain ashlar building with the southern gable hid from sight under a natural drapery of ivy, and its front partially covered by pretty climbing plants."
  • "Lisdillon was an estate in Glamorgan, 7,800 acres, owned by Mr. Mark Mitchell, son of the late Mr. John Mitchell, M.H.A.
  • (To the) South it is bounded by Little Swanport, an estuary navigable for small vessels, and into which the Little Swanport River flows."[2]
A fine group of east coast vernacular stone buildings occupying an outstanding site sloping gently to the sea with views to the small Isle Des Phoques, inhabited by seals. Built in 1837, the group comprises the house, coach-house, stonemason's cottage, blacksmith shop, barn (in ruins) and fine stone walls.
  • The farm was first surveyed by the owners’ ancestor, Francis Cotton, in 1830 and its tumultuous history reads like a Charles Dickens narrative. It is a tale of murder and mystery, wealth and misery.

Murder and Mystery
HISTORY OF LISDILLON
HISTORY OF LISDILLON


The original owner of Lisdillon was an Englishman called James Radcliffe. He purchased the property and promptly established a salt works and sheep farm.
  • Radcliffe’s time at Lisdillon was brutally cut short when he was murdered on a trip back to England. His headless and mutilated remains were discovered some time later on Waterloo Bridge in London. Who, why and how this happened to poor Radcliffe remains a mystery.

The Premier


Amidst all this turmoil a man by the name of William Thomas Napier Champ, leased and lived at Lisdillon.
  • He later went on to become the first premier of Tasmania.

Prosperous Lisdillon Town


After the gradual crumble and failure of the Salt Works, Lisdillon, now owned by the Mitchell family, prospered under a tenant farm system.
  • The property became a small community where nine families formed a town.
  • It was a thriving little hub consisting of a store, pharmacy, church, school, and post office, as well as fielding its own football and cricket teams.

Truganinni Visits


While Lisdillon was still a town, George Robinson made a visit accompanied by Truganinni (considered to be the last full-blooded Tasmanian). ++
  • While she was there she made a basket comprised of grasses from Lisdillon and presented it to Mark Mitchell. Mark’s daughter, Sarah, later donated it to the Queen Victoria Museum in Launceston.
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Lisdillon's New Owners


Tragedy struck Lisdillon again when Mark Mitchell fell off his horse, breaking his collar-bone and becoming an invalid. He was unable to oversee the business of the farm so the property fell into debt and the town was gradually abandoned, leaving most of the buildings to deteriorate.
  • Lisdillon was eventually bought by Sir Henry Jones of IXL fame and later by the Hood family.
  • Douglas Cotton, Crispin’s father, bought back Lisdillon in the 1970s.
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Lisdillon Vineyard


After working for many years as a sheep farmer, Crispin Cotton took the leap into viticulture on his historic property, Lisdillon.
With Crispin’s venture into viticulture, the family hopes to add to the rich story of Lisdillon.
  • Crispin passed away in April 2014 and the vineyard has been taken over by his family Jane, Richard, Katherine and Chris.
  • They hope to follow and build on Crispin's plans.
  • Lisdillon’s natural beauty, with its pristine beaches, sparkling blue water, fine white sand, and views of Freycinet National Park, all add to its majesty. The jetty poles depicted on the label, are situated on Lisdillon Beach and are symbolic of the history behind the farm.

Description


Convict-built barn on Lisdillon
Convict-built barn on Lisdillon

One storey fieldstone house with attics. Sandstone quoins. Brick reveals and heads to openings (very large). One storey skillion on east side.
  • Small verandah at rear. Four panel front door with half sidelights and semi eliptical fanlight. Generally small paned windows (replacements to main facade).
  • One storey coachouse converted to residence - stone, attics, stonemason's cottage, blacksmith shop (no roof) barn (in ruins).
  • Outstanding site. Outstanding stone walls. Built for James Radcliff, an early settler.

Lisdillon has strong meaning for the community because it demonstrates aspects of Colonial society and has a prominent position in the landscape. Lisdillon is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of a single storey (with attic) stone Old Colonial Georgian rural homestead with its associated outbuildings.
'Lisdillon' - East Coast - W. Hood
'Lisdillon' - East Coast - W. Hood

The main house is a single storey rubble stone structure (with attic) designed in the Old Colonial Georgian style with central panelled door with sidelights and radial fanlight, with two pairs of double hung windows to each side of the door.
  • There is a modern verandah and three modern dormers to this front facade. To the north side there is a stone skillion.
  • There are several other stone buildings on the site including a coach house, shepherds cottage, blacksmith, water closets and several stone walls.
    "The cottage spoken of stands off the main road on a hillside terrace, in an embayed recess of the Rocky Hills, and has a trim garden and orchard, sloping to a creek below road level. A section of the ridge shelters the rear from westerly winds, and an abutting spur, separated from the cottage property by the road, protects from those blowing from the opposite quarter." [3]
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Old Colonial Georgian
  • Read more: Lisdillon Winery

LS5. Lisdillon Church, now Mitchell Cottage, 11257 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS


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"Mitchell Cottage" is a unique piece of real estate, having been created by the current family in the mid 1960's.
Originally it was part of the Lisdillon farm, which was settled by the Mitchell family.
The church was erected specifically for the family and workers of the Lisdillon estate. The chapel doubled as a school room.
Mitchell House and Old Lisdillon Church
Mitchell House and Old Lisdillon Church

A fine example of a small country Gothic stone church built in 1864 by John Mitchell. Although now transformed to a cottage the exterior of the building is intact and in good repair.
  • Lisdillon Church is of historic cultural heritage significance because of its association with the general community as a religious and townscape landmark.
  • Lisdillon Church is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of a stone Victorian Free Gothic ecclesiastical building.
Description:

A small church with sandstone rubble walls and ashlar quoins and porch. The roof is corrugated iron and gabled, with boxed eaves. The east window is 4-part with simple bar tracery, the windows to the nave are similar and 2-part. The porch has bargeboards with simply-shaped ends, and a pendant and finial. The door is pointed-arch.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Free Gothic


LS6. Lisdillon Salt Works Site, Saltworks Rd, Little Swanport, TAS, Australia


  • Classified in 1976
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 18192
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #32; CT21686/29
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1529

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Statement of Significance

Lisdillon Salt Works is an archaelogical site of an early nineteenth century salt works. The place is important for its association with a cultural phase when salt was needed as a food and hide preservative, for pottery manufacture and for soap manufacture (Criterion A.3).

The salt works are important as extant remains of the process of salt extraction by boiling seawater, a technology initially imported from England and no longer practised in England or Australia. It is one of only two salt manufacture sites in eastern Australia where there are substantial physical remains. The other is at Norfolk Island. (Criterion B.2).
 Lisdillon Salt Works
Lisdillon Salt Works


The place demonstrates by its extant remains the characteristics of a nineteenth century technology as follows: apparent use of a heated drying floor, a split level building, the use of a windmill to deliver sea water, stone and mortar structural techniques and the substantial scale and substance of the walls (Criterion D.2).

The salt works have importance for technical innovation being the most substantial salt works of the era and for the use of windmill for pumping sea water, which is unknown for works of that time (Criterion F.1).

Description

The elements of the site consist of the ruined walls of a salt house, and living quarter, an excavated tank, windmill anchor bolts, and cottage rebuilt on the walls of a former overseer's cottage.

In 1819, James Radcliffe a settler was granted land at Little Swanport which he named 'Lisdillon'. In the 1820's he built a substantial two storey stone house about 3km north of the mouth of the Little Swanport River, which is still occupied today. Having established himself on his land Radcliffe proceeded to establish a salt works, there being no other local supply than the salt lagoons of Salt Pan Plain. The saltworks consisted of a large salt house, adjacent living quarters for the workmen, one (or possible two) shallow excavated tank(s), and at some distance from these a cottage for the overseer and a windmill on a nearby rocky headland.

Read More: On the Convict Trail: Lisdillon Salt Works



LS7. Thalia Haven, 11460 Tasman Hwy, Little Swanport TAS 7190


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  • Not Heritage Registered, Not a Heritage location, however the owners used heritage stone and timber materials for construction.
  • Thalia Haven at Little Swanport named Australia’s best property for romance - 2015[4]

"We built Thalia as our weekend beach house. For years my husband wanted to buy something that was within driving distance of Hobart, north facing but which was isolated. The land became available by coincidence when we were visiting.
Email stay@thaliahaven.com.au
Email stay@thaliahaven.com.au

  • The purpose for the land all along here is for sheep grazing, but because this strip runs along the coast line and there is a beach, it was negating the value because you can’t run sheep on a beach. As a result, we were able to purchase (it) for a reasonable amount of money.
  • Building started in the early 2000s and we hired a husband and wife architect team (award winning Morrison & Breytenbach in West Hobart) who eventually became our personal friends.

The inspiration for the layout came from where we lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which was an old candy factory. It was entirely open plan except for the bathroom.[5]
  • Thalia Haven is set on a private 130-acre wooded peninsula surrounded by the crystal-blue waters of renowned Great Oyster Bay.
  • Five kilometres of secluded coastline including your own exclusive golden-sand beach.
  • The rugged, yet elegant house is set across four ancient-stone pavilions, clustered around olive tree courtyards on the ocean’s edge, sleeping up to 8 guests in style and comfort.
  • The residence is a bold yet congenial showcase of self reliance: your water, electricity, and warmth are drawn from its land, breezes, and sunshine. Thalia is off the grid - No TV & no WiFi for a blissful digital detox.

LS8. Mayfield RA 11610 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS


  • Classified in 1976 (both Sides of the Road)
  • Registered on the National Estate 1983
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 11721
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #28; CT112812/1, CT138104/1-6, CT139900/1-4, CT143068/1, CT204420/1, CT251152/3, CT32123/1
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1524
Mayfield, Little Swanport
Mayfield, Little Swanport
A fine group dating from 1829 and comprising a two storey homestead (stone and stucco), stone bakehouse, brick mill, stone miller's cottage, a unique stone building incorporating six workers cottages and stone hop kilns.
  • The buildings were constructed on an original grant to Thomas Buxton and are complemented by a fine landscape setting including an important historic garden.

Description:


Large two storey house with one storey side wing - twelve and sixteen pane windows. Stucco stone. Main facade three bays. Six panel front door with half sidelights, radial fanlight with coloured pattern glass - side French windows.
  • Small stone bakehouse with shingled roof. Important old garden. Fine brick mill with gable roof, remnants of wheel, stone lintels with brick relieving arches over. Fieldstone millers cottage with hip roof. Field stone workers cottages (six in one structure)-second storey dormer windows. Old hop kiln of fieldstone.
  • Mayfield is of historic cultural heritage significance for its ability to illustrate the historical and sequential subdivision of land in the outlying districts,and the pre-eminent social position of its 19th century owners. It also has the ability to demonstrate the development of rural industries such as hop growing and milling.
  • Mayfield is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of an Old Colonial Georgian rural homestead and a fine collection of outbuildings.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Old Colonial Georgian

History of Mayfield

- from GSBHS_Former_Times_Issue_6_lowres.pdf

Thomas Buxton was the first owner of Mayfield receiving a Location Order on 30/6/1823 for 500 acres of land.
  • Buxton was son of John Buxton of Mayfield House, Derby, England. He arrived in Hobart Town on 5th May 1821 on the vessel “Westmoreland” with his wife and family.
    Mayfield House C1970
    Mayfield House C1970
  • Later in the same year he settled in Great Swan Port at (old) Belmont, as an overseer for William Talbot, On the 21st May 1828 he was gazetted Division Constable and from 1828 to 1830 was pound keeper at Little Swan Port. He was dismissed from this position when he seized Mr. George Meredith’s boat because Meredith did not produce a Port Clearance.
  • On the 13th December 1928, he received a further Location Order for 780 acres. It is said that his additional land was given to him by Governor Arthur after the latter had been entertained to a meal at Mayfield during his tour up the coast in November 1828.
  • In 1830 Buxton took part in the Black Line Operation.

In 1836 he had the flour mill at Mayfield built. During the early days at Mayfield, Buxton like other settlers had a great deal of trouble from the aboriginals.
  • Buxton’s first home was a sod hut, but in about 1825 a more durable structure of stone and brick was built. It was a one storey building, small with one half cellar room over which there was an attic.
  • So still remaining of the Buxton era, there is the house, the mill and the race down which flowed the water to drive the wheels of the mill. Further afield was the cemetery with headstones to members of the Buxton family and other people connected with the estate. The last burial was in 1929.
When Mayfield first came on the market it belonged to a descendant of the Buxton’s, a Mr Morey. The property was sold by mistake on the part of a Hobart Lawyer.
  • This was not discovered until after John Mitchell had bought it. He offered to forego the purchase but it was refused – 2 gentlemanly gentlemen!!

After John Mitchell of Lisdillon bought Mayfield in 1866, he set to work to improve the property. Hops were planted on the south side of Buxton’s Rivulet and on the north side towards the hills.
  • He built 6 cottages, 3 on each side back to back. Across the old road was built a hop kiln.
  • He sent to Hobart for willow trees which he wanted to grow as protection for the vines against wind.... Remains of the willow tree plantings can be seen in the valley.
Edwin & Mark returning from Horton College. Sketch by Sarah E.E. Mitchell of Lisdillon on the East Coast of Tasmania 1874
Edwin & Mark returning from Horton College. Sketch by Sarah E.E. Mitchell of Lisdillon on the East Coast of Tasmania 1874
When John Mitchell died in 1881, he left Mayfield to his son, Edwin Harry John Mitchell, who at 21, had left Lisdillon to gain experience on the mainland. He studied in Sydney, gained his licence as a surveyor and had his own team and plant. He was one of the first surveyors to survey land on the western side of the Blue Mountains.
  • Edwin Mitchell carried on with improvements to the property. He built a dam across Buxton’s Rivulet about a mile due west of the main road. The property extended on both sides of the Rivulet for some distance. (The Rivulet rises practically from Lake Tooms.)
  • He brought the water by race with one gap in the fluming round in front of Mayfield House and over the ground on the sea side of the old cemetery and watered grass paddocks for the cows.
  • He was not very successful with wheat and went over to more sheep. Wool in those days brought from 4d – 6d a lb., later rising to 1/- a lb.
  • Edwin Mitchell used to export his wool in the barque “Ethel” and had it auctioned in London. He donated land to the Government so that a jetty would be rebuilt for the people of the district (1906-7).

Since 1934, Mayfield has passed through several hands:
Vale: Robert Dunbabin
Vale: Robert Dunbabin

  • Mr Les Roberts of the Huon who bought it for £8,400; Dr. Brettingham-Moore, £12,000;
    Mr Cameron of the Nile, £40,000; Mr Palfreyman, £54,000;
  • and finally in 1969 to Mr R.B. Dunbabin.
  • The property has been passed on to son Bruce, a 5th generation Dunbabin farmer.

Robert Dunbabin


Robert lived a life dedicated to his family and his rural properties. Robert was brought up on the family property “Marchwiel” in Bream Creek.
  • He left Clemes College at fifteen because of his father’s illness. Times were not easy and with two sisters and a brother to be educated Robert accepted his role to work the property, later joined by his brother Jim.
  • He married Joyce and as well as working “Marchwiel”, they built their house.

With Joyce and their three school age sons he moved to “Mayfield” in 1969, leaving the family property for his brother Jim.
  • At “Mayfield” Robert successfully developed a fine wool stud and won many prizes at Campbell Town Show with his fine wool fleeces.
  • He developed a great interest in making and mending all in sundry in his workshop. This became evident when he eventually retired to Swansea and occupied his time in his beloved workshop.
  • All his life he worked very hard and was able to purchase and provide his sons with properties: “Mayfield” for Bruce, “Milton” for Michael and an engineering degree and “Burnside” for Timothy.
  • About the only time he ever left his property was to attend a sporting event which one of his sons was taking part.


LS9. Muirlands Log Barn, Cottage & Blacksmith's Shop Tasman Hwy, Little Swanport TAS


  • Tasman Highway, just east of bridge over Little Swanport River, Little Swanport.
  • Registered in 1976
  • Registered on the National Estate 1983
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 11728
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #27; CT33784/1
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1523
Muirlands old homestead heritage buildings
Muirlands old homestead heritage buildings

Muirlands Sale Notice (1982)
Muirlands Sale Notice (1982)

Old Farm Hut, Little Swanport, former Muirland property. C early 1880's
Old Farm Hut, Little Swanport, former Muirland property. C early 1880's

Muirlands - Cobb & Co Stage Coach Stables
Muirlands - Cobb & Co Stage Coach Stables


"Little Swanport is only a place in name, for there is only one dwelling on the bay, and that is the residence of Mr Mitchelmore."
  • He has a holding of 2,400 acres, and grazes most of it. The post office is attached to his residence.
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  • [Illustration: Mr Mitchelmore in his orchard on 'Muirlands' (orchards established 1850s), east coast Tasmania.]
A small group of now quite scarce log structures comprising a log barn and log cottage and complemented by a yard surrounded by choc n' log fences. All these timber structures are basically intact and in original condition and demonstrate building functions no longer practised.
Muirlands heritage log barn
Muirlands heritage log barn

Description


A simple log barn with gable roof, a cottage of similar construction with a field stone chimney and several chock and log fences.

Mentioned in the press:


1884: THURSDAY, January 17. The Muirland Estate and Land at Little Swanport, and Farm at Pittwater: THE VALUABLE ESTATE AT LITTLE SWANPORT, known as MUIRLAND,
  • Containing 2,195 acres, situate on both sides of the Swanport River, and recently in the occupation of the late Mr. John Radford.
  • There are 50 acres in cultivation, the remainder good sheep run. The improvements comprise a stone dwelling-house, etc, etc.
  • 1904: landholders MUIRLANDS NO 3 PTY LTD, MITCHELMORE W C AND OTHERS
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Muirland Federation Homestead


Muirland Homestead and Farm has a great Flickr photographic album by Peter Hut featuring the beautiful Federation Muirland Homestead.
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LS10. Ravensdale, RA 10137 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport

  • Tasman Highway, Ravensdale, 7km south of Little Swanport.

  • Classified in 1976
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 1538
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #33; CT118343/1, CT37307/28, CT44351/1, CT220630/1
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1538

About two miles on the Spring Bay side of Little Swanport is the Ravensdale Estate, belonging to the Salier family.
  • It contains 6,000 acres, and is tenanted by Mr A Ferguson, who in the past has grazed it all. Should a desirable amount of rain fall this autumn the lessee intends to cultivate 50 or 60 acres. Most of the country enclosed in Ravensdale is hilly.
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Ravensdale is a single storey (with attic) sandstone house in the Old Colonial Georgian style.
An elongated stone vernacular house built before 1850 with later integrated additions.
  • A stone barn of the same period is located near the house.
  • The approach along an avenue of poplar trees enhances the visual value of the house.

There are two principal entrances, as if a very early modification has moved the front entry.
  • One entrance has a panelled door under a substantially reconstructed verandah, external decorative stone architraves around the door, double hung small paned windows to either side, and a protuding gable to one end.
  • The gable end has double hung windows at both ground and upper floor levels.
  • The second entrance is under another verandah, is also a panelled door and has double hung small paned windows to each side.
  • Internal joinery is substantially intact from the Colonial Georgian period.
  • The stable is a stone structure with gabled roof and corrugated iron cladding, and a modern extension to one end replacing earlier construction. There is also a c.1930 Dairy/Freezer to the rear of the main house.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Old Colonial Georgian

Description


Large house probably built in two or more stages. It has a one and a half storey wing with two pitched gable roof and later dormers, six panel door, twelve pane windows and one storey verandah.
  • Also one storey section with hipped roof, twelve pane windows, verandah, and central six panel door with Regency transom light.
  • Walls of rough tooled stone also small barn/stable building of squared rubble with dressed quoins.
  • Garden and avenues of poplars enhance house considerably.

Condition and Integrity


Many windows are now missing their glazing bars. Later additions and dormer windows should be removed.


LS11. Rose Cottage 11275 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport

  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #31; CT40811/1
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1528
  • Sale photos
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This building is of historic heritage significance because its townscape associations are regarded as important to the communitys sense of place.
Rose Cottage is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of a single storey, sandstone Victorian Georgian domestic building.

Description:

A symmetrical, single storey, sandstone rubble building with a corrugated iron gabled roof, boxed eaves, and simple chimneys with external stacks.
  • The door is central with a gabled porch, with a window on either side.
  • Above each ground floor window is a gabled dormer window to the attic. All the windows are double-hung with large panes.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Georgian


LS12. Spiky Bridge Tasman Highway, Swansea TAS

  • Tasman Highway - western side - 8 km south of Swansea;
  • formerly La Farelles Bridge

  • Classified in 1976
  • Registered on the National Estate 1983
  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate Record ID: 11694
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #67; CT40/3839
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1567

The Spiky Bridge is part of the old convict coach road that connected Swansea with Little Swanport and the east coast road to Hobart. It sits beside the current east coast highway, approx 7kms south of Swansea.

By the 1820’s the reaches of white settlement were being pushed further up Tasmania’s east coast. Settlers such as George Meredith and Francis Cotton, were drawn to the area by the prospects of farming and whaling. Despite constant complaints from the settlers to the Government regarding the lack of road access, by 1840 there was still no road between Little Swanport and the Swansea district.
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An unusual stone bridge, more like a causeway, built in the period 1845-48 by convicts from the Rocky Hills probation station, the structure is an edifice to convict craftmanship. Previously La Farelles bridge, its present name derives from the distinctive parapets.

Description


Field stone bridge. Appears to be dry stonework. Side walls of random rubble being more a causeway with small arched culvert.
  • Stone buttresses on west side beside central channel. Lower side of west wall (sloping side) was strengthened during 1920's.
  • Bridge parapets with large and small upright stones give present name.
  • Built by convicts from Rocky Hills Probation Station 1843.


LS13. Three Arch Bridge, 11830 Tasman Highway, Little Swanport TAS


Location: Over Old Man Creek before Mayfield Camping Ground (southern side) on Tasman Highway
  • Sandstone bridge with three arches. The top arches are capped with bricks.
  • The bridge was erected by convicts from nearby Rocky Hills Probation Station.
This small bridge, consisting of three arches, was built in 1845 by convict labor from the nearby Rocky Hills Probation Station, probably as part of the old convict built coach road which connected Swansea with Little Swanport along the east coast road to Hobart. (Now known as the A3 Tasman Highway)
  • Three Arch Bridge is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the growth and development of the transport system in Colonial Tasmania, and particularly the use of convict labour in such developments.
  • Three Arch Bridge is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of an early nineteenth century convict built sandstone bridge.

Description: It is a sandstone bridge with three arches. The top of the arches are capped with brick.
The bridge spans the outlet of the Old Man Creek at Mayfield Beach, approx 14kms south of Swansea on the east coast of Tasmania.
  • It now has the existing east coast road built over the top of it. Fortunately the old bridge can still be viewed by walking 40m along a sign posted track down from the Mayfield Beach camping ground car park or by walking along the beautiful beach.
  • The arches are only very small and I had to stoop very low to walk through the arch from one end to the other.
We are very fortunate that the bridge was saved from destruction when the new road bridge was constructed over the top and that we can still see this wonderful piece of early colonial engineering. The site has been promoted via tourism websites, by the local tourist information centre and by the Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife service who have erected signs at the Mayfield Beach camp grounds directing people to the site.
  • It's a fantastic small piece of our colonial history.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Stone arched bridge


Maria Island


Island in Tasmania, Australia
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #34; Maria Island and Isle du Nord
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1531

Index of heritage of Maria Island:

  1. M1. Darlington Probation Station French Farm Coastal Route, Darlington, TAS
  2. M2. Maria Island Convict Sites, Darlington via Triabunna TAS
  3. M3. Maria Island Marine Region Orford, TAS
  4. M4. Maria Island National Park Triabunna, TAS

Most built elements on Maria Island are situated at either Darlington village or Point Lesueur and present as both ruins and complete buildings within the largely natural landscape.

Each area is expanded upon below...
Maria Island Beach
Maria Island Beach

Map of Maria Island
Map of Maria Island

Maria Island Orford Australia
Maria Island Orford Australia

Maria Island is a mountainous island located in the Tasman Sea, off the east coast of Tasmania, Australia.Wikipedia

There are numerous built, archaeological and landscape features dating from various periods scattered throughout the island.
Historic Maria Island
Historic Maria Island

The island was named in 1642 by Dutch explorer Abel Tasmanafter Maria van Diemen (née van Aelst), wife of Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies in Batavia. The island was known as Maria's Isle in the early 19th century.[2]
  • There is one town on Maria Island, called Darlington.
  • It lies near the northern tip of the island. Darlington has many wonderful old buildings and it has no permanent inhabitants other than a few park rangers.
  • During the summer holiday period, up to several hundred tourists visit the island. Tourism is important to the local economy.

A Rich History


The story of Maria Island is dominated by the sea: from the rise and fall of the sea that created the island and left a legacy of sea creatures fossilised in its cliffs, to the history of its human occupation. As you cross to the island you follow in the wake of Aboriginal tribes who for thousands of years made regular canoe crossings to the island they knew as TOARRA-MARRA-MONAH.

By 1825 Maria had become a penal settlement. Just as quickly convicts were making their escape across the water.
  • One unlucky group drifted across the channel on a raft only to walk ashore into the arms of two lost police constables!
  • The island was soon infamous for the number of escapes and was known among convicts as a place of ease.
  • By 1832 the convict settlement was abandoned in favour of Port Arthur.
  • From 1842 it was used as a convict probation station, but by 1850 this mainly agricultural station was also abandoned.
  • However this was not the end of settlement here. To discover the full, rich history of the island, see the Maria Island section within the Visitor's Guide to Historic Places.
Forty-spotted pardalote
Forty-spotted pardalote


Abundant Wildlife


You will soon notice the special nature of the wildlife on this island. Since the late 1960s Maria has become a kind of Noah's Ark, as a number of threatened species have been introduced here in a bid to protect their kind.
The endangered forty spotted pardalote is a famous local bird found here in good numbers, along with the white gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) that is essential to its survival. [6]

Map of Maria Island
Map of Maria Island

Statement of Significance:

Maria Island is of historic heritage significance as it possesses a collection of built, archaeological and landscape features which have the ability to demonstrate the growth and development of both the convict system and industry on the island.
  • Remnants of the Bernacchi Period (1884-1895) represent the flamboyant aspirations of Diego Bernacchi and his struggles with both remoteness and the depression of the 1890s. Bernacchi conceived a grand scheme for the Island and inspired workers and investors in pursuits of silk, wine and cement manufacturing, a health resort and other associated activities.
  • Maria Island has particular associations with the political prisoner William Smith OmBrien.
  • Diego Bernacchi and various prominent farming families including the Dunbabins, Robeys and Frenches, who all lived there.
  • The Maria Island Convict Sites contains remnants of the four main periods of European activity on the Island,
    • the First Convict Period (1825-1830),
    • the Second Convict Period (1842-1851),
    • the Bernacchi Period (1884-1895) and
    • the Industrial Period (1921-1930).
  • The Darlington Probation Station, located at the northern end of Maria Island, was first established as a convict station in 1825-1832 and re-settled as a probation station from 1842-50.
  • It is the best surviving example of all the probation stations in Tasmania.
  • Maria Island is of cultural heritage significance because it has the potential to yield information about the history of convict transportation in Australia.

Aborigines


Maria Island has a rich history. Before the colonial era, Aboriginal people of the Tyreddeme band of the Oyster Bay tribe journeyed regularly to the island and much evidence of their presence remains, particularly around the bays on either side of the island's isthmus.[3]
  • In 1802 the French expedition led by Nicolas Baudin encountered the Aboriginal people of Maria Island, as did the whalers of the early 19th century.
  • René Maugé, the zoologist on Baudin's expedition, was buried on Point Maugé on south Maria Island.

Convicts


Commissariat Store, Darlington.
Commissariat Store, Darlington.

The island's first convict era was between 1825 and 1832 and its second - the probation station era - between 1842 and 1851.For two periods during the first half of the 19th century, Maria Island hosted convict settlements.

Three structures from the first convict era remain in the Darlington area:
  1. the Commissariat Store built in 1825 and presently used as the park's reception and visitor centre;
  2. the convict penitentiary, completed in 1828 and now used to accommodate visitors rather than detain them; and
  3. the convict-built dam on Bernacchis Creek, which still provides Darlington's water.

Read more: Maria Island - A Brief History


M1. Darlington Probation Station French Farm Coastal Route, Darlington, TAS


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Most built elements on Maria Island are situated at either Darlington village or Point Lesueur and present as both ruins and complete buildings within the largely natural landscape.
The Darlington Precinct contains the most intact convict probation station and is therefore considered a significant place in Australia’s cultural history.

The probation system


The probation system was a form of convict management in Eastern Australia that was implemented between 1839 and 1854 at which time the transportation of convicts in Eastern Australia ceased.
UNESCO World Heritage Convict Settlement at Darlington
UNESCO World Heritage Convict Settlement at Darlington

  • Previous to the introduction of the probation station, most convicts were assigned to private masters or into government service.
  • The assignment system however was severely criticised in Britain because it did not consistently provide for the controlled punishment and reform of convicts. Its critics likened it to slavery which had been outlawed by the British Government.

Probation was a uniquely Australian approach to convict management intended to provide punishment to ensure that transportation remained a deterrent, but also provided opportunities for reform and betterment.
  • The probation system classified convicts into different classes which then determined the labour they undertook, their living arrangements and any privileges.
  • The probation system was developed and implemented by Sir John Franklin, Lieutenant Governor of Tasmania from 1837-1843.
    He governed Tasmania at a time when transportation to NSW had ceased and large numbers of convicts were being transported.

Darlington, Maria Island - Date unknown. NO NS1029-1-340
Darlington, Maria Island - Date unknown. NO NS1029-1-340

Darlington Probation station operated from 1842-1850 and was one of at least 78 probation stations established in Tasmania.
  • The Darlington Precinct is the most representative and intact probation station having thirteen buildings and other structures directly associated with the operation of the probation station.
  • These include ruins of separate apartments, ruins of convict barracks and chapel, bakehouse, cookhouse, officers’ quarters, oast house/hop kilns and miller’s quarters and mill foundations.
  • These buildings and structures are in a natural setting with few competing elements. The place therefore exhibits a sense of what it would have been like during convict times.
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  • The buildings remaining at the precinct illustrate the probation system philosophy.
    • The mess hall and school room represent the education of convicts.
    • The chapel, clergyman’s quarters and religious instructor’s quarters depict the focus on religious schooling.
    • The prisoner’s barracks and ruins of the separate apartments demonstrate the classification system for convicts, whereby well behaved convicts could live together in dormitories while the worst class was housed in separate apartments.
    • The solitary cells demonstrate the use of isolation for punishment.
    • The convict barn and oast house/hop kilns represent some of the task work undertaken by the convicts.

  • No other probation station in Tasmania, or Australia is able to demonstrate this strong association as effectively as Darlington Probation Station.
Maria Island images
Maria Island images

Bernacchi Periods

Darlington also contains rare evidence of many industrial and agricultural processes from the convict periods of settlement.
  • The planning, structures and archaeology from the Bernacchi Periods of development at the Darlington Historic Precinct (1884-1896 & 1920-1930) contains rare evidence of late 19th and early 20th century attempts at planned industrial settlements in Australia.
  • In Tasmania the first Bernacchi industrial settlement (the Maria Island Company was floated in 1887) precedes other iconic and ultimately more successful industrial settlements - the Mt Lyell mine on the West Coast (est. 1892) and Hobart's E.Z. Risdon enterprise (est.1916).
  • In particular the relatively intact c. 1886 Bernacchi's Terraces and 1888 Coffee Palace at Darlington demonstrate how late 19th century Australian industrial entrepreneurs set up landscaped `company' towns complete with residential, educational, recreational and external tourism facilities, in the manner of the model British industrial town precedents.


M2. Maria Island Convict Sites, Darlington via Triabunna TAS


  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #34; Maria Island and Isle du Nord
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1531
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The Maria Island Convict Sites contains remnants of the four main periods of European activity on the Island,
  1. the First Convict Period (1825-1830),
  2. the Second Convict Period (1842-1851),
  3. the Bernacchi Period (1884-1895) and
  4. the Industrial Period (1921-1930).

Map of Maria Island - Darlington
Map of Maria Island - Darlington
The Darlington Probation Station, located at the northern end of Maria Island, was first established as a convict station in 1825-1832 and re-settled as a probation station from 1842-50. It is the best surviving example of all the probation stations in Tasmania. (Criteria D.2)
  • The Darlington Probation Station and the Long Point Probation Station, located at the western side of Maria Island, are important for their association with the history of convict transportation in Australia and with the elaborate probation system which was developed in Tasmania and was unique to Tasmania.
    • The system was based on the idea that convicts could make amends and be redeemed for their crimes through systems of controlled labour.
    • Convicts worked on public works through a series of stages of labour, each stage of which was less controlled until the convict was deemed suitable for release.
    • The probation system represents the best expression of this common theme in the history of convict transportation and echoes the development of penal philosophy in Britain.
    • The Stations are also significant for their potential to contribute to an understanding of the operations of probation stations. (Criteria A.4 and C.2, Historic Theme: 2.3 Coming to Australia as punishment)

Remnants of the Bernacchi Period (1884-1895) represent the flamboyant aspirations of Diego Bernacchi and his struggles with both remoteness and the depression of the 1890s.
  • Bernacchi conceived of a grand scheme for the Island and inspired workers and investors in pursuits of silk, wine and cement manufacturing, a health resort and other associated activities. (Criteria A.4, Historic Theme: 3.10 Altering the environment for economic development, and 3.12 Developing an Australian manufacturing capacity)

Remnants of the Industrial Period (1921-1930) are significant for their association with the 1924 Cement Works of the National Portland Cement Company which were technologically advanced for their time. (Criteria F.1)

The Maria Island Convict Sites are within the Maria Island National Park which is entered in the Register of the National Estate.
  • The Commission has determined that the Maria Island National Park has Indigenous values of national estate significance.
  • The Commission is currently consulting with relevant Indigenous communities about the amount of information to be placed on public record.



M3. Maria Island Marine Region Orford, TAS


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Maria Island is 8km off the eastern coast of Tasmania.
  • The variety of geological formations which extend offshore at Maria Island (dolerite, granite, limestone and sandstone) allow a large number of subtidal habitats to exist in close proximity.
  • There are large submarine caverns and tunnels in the limestone bedrock at Fossil Bay which contrast with the more rounded granite blocks and moderate cave development on much of the east coast.
  • The dolerite habitats on the west coast have poor cave development, the dolerite breaking into rocks varying in size between cobbles and huge boulders.
Maria Island Marine Reserve
Maria Island Marine Reserve

Maria Island Marine Reserve
Maria Island Marine Reserve
The Maria Island marine region represents most of the habitat types found on the Tasmanian east coast, and is largely representative of the cool temperate Maugean biogeographic province.
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The reserve protects a representative range of the marine habitats found on Tasmania’s east coast.
  • These include seagrass, sand and reefs with a range of rock types (dolerite, siltstone, sandstone, and limestone) and wave exposures (from sheltered to fully exposed).
  • In Fossil Bay on the exposed north coast, deep gutters, overhangs and caves (extending up to 40 m into the limestone cliffs) form spectacular seascapes both above and below the water.
On the more sheltered western shore, which is protected from fishing, large southern rock lobsters abound and the numbers of reef fish, such as bastard trumpeter, banded morwong and boarfish, have greatly increased since the reserve was declared in 1991.
  • Seahorses and weedy seadragons are commonly sighted, while fascinating species such as warty prowfish and red velvetfish hide amongst sponges and algae.
  • The area contains species including the kelps Macrocystis pyrifera and Lessonia CORRUGATA which are not found on the northern Tasmanian coast or the mainland, and is the southernmost limit of some warm temperate species such as the boarfish and castelnau's wrasse.
  • The area has very high species diversity due to the range of habitats. The area has High aesthetic value with spectacular underwater scenery which is extremely varied.
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M4. Maria Island National Park Triabunna, TAS


  • Listed on the Register of the National Estate 1983
  • Listed on the Tasmanian Heritage Register. Record ID: 1531
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Maria Island consists of two islands joined by a low, narrow isthmus.
  • The Maria Range forms the spine of the northern island, extending from Bishop and Clerk (630 m) in the north, south to Mt Maria (709 m) and ending at Perpendicular Mountain (340 m).
  • The eastern slope from the ridgeline to the coast is broken by the East Shelf at an altitude of 350-500 metres, the western slope consists of a steep ridge system which grades into a series of low hills. Scree slopes have formed on both the eastern and western sides of the range.
Eastern Cliffs of Maria Island
Eastern Cliffs of Maria Island
The eastern coastline between Barren Head and Cape Bald consists of a series of rounded granite headlands and cliff lines which reach to 140 m in height at Mistaken Cape.
  • In the north, coastal cliffs rise to 300 m at Fossil Bay.
  • The western coastline is comprised of dune-barred lagoons behind a series of sandy beaches, interspersed with dolerite and sandstone points. Creeks drain east and west from the Maria Range.

McRaes Isthmus which joins the two islands is formed by the hind dunes of Shoal and Riedle Bays.
  • Compared with the northern part, the southern part of the island is an area of lower and gentler relief rising to Middle Hill (300 m).
  • The major ridgeline of the southern island consists of Big, Middle and Bottom Hills and ends in the dolerite pillars of Cape Peron.
  • Creeks drain radially from the main line of hills on the island. Two intermittent waterfalls occur on McGuiness Creek and Pine Hut Creek at the southern edge of the shelf and there is another waterfall in the upper reaches of Counsel Creek.

Maria Island National Park has an exceptionally high diversity of forest communities, with 24 dry sclerophyll, wet sclerophyll and mixed forest communities occurring within the area.
  • Relict rainforest patches are found in fire protected high altitude areas.
  • The island is of high significance as a major refuge in Tasmania for rare and uncommon plant species with 26 such species known.
  • In addition EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS tall forests occur only on Maria island.
  • Maria Island National Park is important for the representation of forest communities. There are 13 representative dry sclerophyll communities and 10 representative wet sclerophyll communities.

Orford


Township of Orford, TAS
Township of Orford, TAS

Map of Orford Australia
Map of Orford Australia

Index of Orford Heritage Sites:


  1. O1. Old Convict Road, Orford TAS
  2. O2. Former Post Office (Sanda House), 33 Walpole Street, Orford TAS
  3. O3. Holkham 59 Tasman Highway, Orford TAS
  4. O4. Malunnah 5 Prosser River Road Orford TAS
  5. O5. Paradise Probation Station Station Creek Orford
  6. O6. Quarry and Tramline Cutting, East Shelly Road, Luther Point, Orford, TAS
  7. O7. Prosser Convict Station Alma Road Orford
  8. O8. Rheban Stables 1019 Rheban Road, Rheban via Orford
  9. O9. Rheban Grave Vault, 1019 Rheban Road, Rheban via Orford
  10. O10. Rheban Spit Private Sanctuary Rheban Rd, Rheban via Orford TAS
  11. O11. Stapleton House, 460 Rheban Road Spring Beach, Tas 7190
  12. O12. Three Thumbs State Reserve and Adjacent Area, Orford, TAS, Australia
  13. O13. Wielangta Refugia Site, Orford, TAS
  14. O14. Wielangta township and Tramline to Coast at Rheban

Orford is a village on the east coast of Tasmania, Australia 73 kilometres north-east of Hobart. The village is centred on the mouth of the Prosser River, on the southern margin of a substantial coastal inlet called Prosser Bay. Wikipedia
  • The town was named by Edward Walpole, who was granted 1,000 acres (4 km2) in the area in 1831. He named his grant "Strawberry Hill", after the London residence of his relative Horace Walpole who was the Third Earl of Orford.
  • The town was first established as a mainland port for the convict settlement on Maria Island. However, the marine infrastructure never consisted of more than a few short jetties in shallow waters just inside the mouth of the river which still remain today. The narrow channel at the river's mouth is flanked by a substantial sandbar, rendering the river unsuitable for larger vessels.
  • The larger township of Triabunna approximately 6 km north is the main port in the area, and is home base for the region's fishing and timber industries, as well as the ferry service operating to and from Maria Island.
  • Orford Post Office opened on 1 September 1870.[2]
    Read More: Orford Now and Then
external image Mrs.Haines%20%26%20Mrs.%20Harry%20Turvey%20on%20Orford%20Road%20FIF3_small.jpgexternal image paradise%20coach_small.JPGexternal image paradise_car_small.jpgexternal image Paradise%20near%20dam%201.5%20miles%20from%20Orford_small.jpgexternal image The%20new%20%26%20old%20bridges%20over%20Prosser%20R_small.jpgexternal image ORFORD%20BRIDGE%201930_small.jpgexternal image marge_bridge_small.JPGexternal image mag%20029_small.jpgexternal image File0118_small.jpgexternal image Quarry%202_small.jpgexternal image File0119_small.jpgexternal image Old%20Post%20Office_small.jpgexternal image ORFORD%20STORE%201912_small.jpgexternal image postoffice_60s_small.JPGexternal image mag%20013_small.jpgexternal image Church_small.jpgexternal image File0158_small.jpgexternal image Orford%20Church%20-%20H%20302_small.jpgexternal image bungalow_small.JPGexternal image Orford%20from%20Hill%20No.%20310%20(Ash%20Bester)_small.jpgexternal image File0126_small.jpg
Read More: Orford Now and Then

Heritage of Orford Tasmania
Very anomalous results! The Commonwealth lists three times the Tasmanian Heritage listings!
  • 10 properties listed by the Australian Heritage Database, only 1 domestic location.
    Maria Island is listed three times, 3 other properties not actually at Orford, so 6 entries including two convict sites and National Parks
  • 6 properties listed by the Australian Heritage Places Inventory for "Orford"
    No convict sites or National Parks, including a double listing of Malunnah, so five sites
  • Only 3 properties listed by the Tasmanian Heritage Register for "Orford"
    Maria Island is listed once as <No Entry> THR #1531 not at Orford; Other convict sites and Parks are not listed.
  • The Glamorgan Shire Bay Council lists seven Heritage sites at Orford, adding two Convict stations, Rheban Stables and a Quarry cutting, which are added to this list - Glamorgan Spring Bay Interim Planning Scheme 2015


O1. Old Convict Road, Orford TAS


  • Indicative Place on the National Heritage Register
  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #88; CT197557/1, 34549/1, 143002/1 and road reserves dissecting these titles
    Old Convict Road, Orford TAS
    Old Convict Road, Orford TAS
Beginning immediately after crossing the bridge at Orford, the Old Convict Road trail follows the northern side of the Prosser River for 1km.
  • This flat and easily accessible trail highlighs rugged examples of Convict manual labour and structural ingenuity.
  • Build between 1841 and 1855, this stretch of terraced road was used to service the Probation Station in Buckland now in ruins at the end of the track.
Easy to find on the northern side of the bridge across the Prosser River, the Old Convict Road is precisely as its name suggests - a road built by convicts. Although it was created by an enormous amount of hard manual labour it is now a pleasant walk through the bushland beside the river.
  • No one knows exactly when the road was built although it must have been constructed some time between 1841 when a Probation Station for new convicts was established at Buckland and 1855 when the last Probation Station in the area was closed down.
  • The walk lasts about 40 minutes. The total length of the incomplete road is 7 km but it is not all part of the walk.

Map of Convict Road, Orford TAS
Map of Convict Road, Orford TAS
Taking no longer than 1 hour to complete, this walk is a worthy addition to other local day walks such as the Three Thumbs Track (see below).
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  • The Road is constructed out of the prolific bluestone rubble and boulders. The road was probably also used to service the penal settlement of Maria Island.
  • The first 100 metres from the Orford Bridge is a road for vehicle traffic and the main Old Convict Road continues on from here. This section of the road is in a remarkably well preserved state. Very easy to find.
This main section of the convict built road provides a delightful and authentic historical walk from Orford along the northern riverbank of the Prosser River and takes you to the ruins of the Paradise Probation Station.
  • Terraced into the side of the river valley the convicts must have had a torrid time hand laying the bluestone rock embankments supporting the road. As in other parts of this region, there is evidence of middens left by the original Tasmanians long before the convicts arrived. These are largely intact.
  • The Road has been terraced (cut and filled) into the steep banks of the river which makes this section of the road clearly identifiable. However there has been a dam built on the Prosser River and a water supply taken from this via the Road to the town of Orford and beyond. This ten inch cast iron supply pipeline runs along the top side of parts of the Road. The pipeline is exposed at small sections but it has been mostly concealed by substantial placement of stone over it. There are some remains of an older smaller pipeline of which little information is known.
  • The convict road provides access to the Paradise Probation Station and much of the road is supported by 1-3m high dolerite stone walls on the southern (river) side. The site has been considerably disturbed by the laying of a water pipeline associated with a dam upstream. The pipe has been laid along the top side of the convict built road from Orford and passes through the southern limit of the main site area accompanied by a modern access road which diverges and cuts through the site.

It is well worth a pleasant stroll along the road up to the probation station ruins (probably where the convicts who built the road were housed). The whole walk took me approx 1.5 hours round trip which included extended time exploring and photographing the ruins. It’s a pretty easy walk in lovely bush surrounds with the river winding in and out along side you as you walk in the footsteps of the convicts.
Old Convict Road, Orford
Old Convict Road, Orford

Old Convict Road, Orford
Old Convict Road, Orford



O2. Former Post Office (Sanda House), 33 Walpole Street, Orford TAS

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Sanda House, the oldest building in Orford, is heritage listed with the original sandstone kitchen, (now the Rose Room) built in 1838. The main house, built in 1840 from local field and sandstone, is known locally as the old Post Office (1876-1940).
  • Over its 176+ years, the fine sandstone house has settled comfortably in the centre of the garden, orchard and vegetable patch.

From 1872 until 1940 the Turvey family ran the post office at Sanda.
  • Miss Grace Turvey had to go down to the bridge to get the mail, no matter what the weather was like. If she expected a lot of mail, she would take the wheelbarrow.
  • Usually some of the men, coming for their mail pushed it back for her.
  • Daily mail services to Orford started in 1925.

The Former Post Office at Orford is of historic cultural heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the growth and development of postal communications in Tasmania during the Victorian period.
33 Walpole Street, Orford has strong meaning for the community because it demonstrates aspects of Victorian society and contributes to the areas built heritage.
Orford's Sanda House from 'On The Convict Trail' blog
Orford's Sanda House from 'On The Convict Trail' blog

  • 33 Walpole Street, Orford is of historical heritage significance because it demonstrates the principal characteristics of a Victorian Georgian, stone dwelling with dormers.
  • These characteristics are found in the external form, construction methods and the detailing, both externally and internally.
Description:

This stone residence has two elements. The main building has a steeply pitched hipped roof clad in corrugated iron (earlier photos reveal the roof was once shingled) and simple chimneys. The facade has two timber dormers plus a verandah with skylights, simple timber posts and brackets under a broken back roof. Multi-paned double hung windows also adorn either side of a timber panelled front door with transom light. At one end of this verandah a wooden door leads into the second smaller stone building. The rear of the main building is similar to that of the front.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Georgian


O3. Holkham 59 Tasman Highway, Orford TAS


  • Glamorgan Shire Bay
    Heritage #35; CT8762/1
  • Tasmanian Heritage Register ID 1533
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Holkham is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of a single storey weatherboard Victorian Rustic Gothic domestic building.

Description:


A symmetrical, single storey, weatherboard house with a corrugated iron roof with flying gables and simple chimneys. There are two dormer windows to the front and rear elevations, and a window to the attic in each gable. The bargeboards have an openwork edging, and there is a pendant and finial at the gable apex. There is a verandah to two adjacent sides, with a separate skillion roof, valance to match the bargeboards, and a simple railing. There is an extension to the rear with a separate skillion roof. In the grounds of the house is a sandstone rubble shed with quoinwork and a corrugated iron gabled roof. One end of the building and the central doorway are damaged.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Rustic Gothic
  • Also on the same property: 'Little Holkham' or known as 'Miranda Cottage', accommodation cottage in Orford, TAS
"Little Holkham" is a stylish one bedroom colonial house situated on the "Holkham" property of ten acres.

Residents of 'Holkham'


  1. Rudd, George b: ABT 1801 in " Whissonsett," Norfolk, England d: 26 AUG 1893 in Holkham, Orford, Tasmania, Australia
  2. Rudd, Martha mrs b: 1805 in Whissonsett Hall Farm, Norfolk, England d: 09 MAY 1878 in Holkham, Orford, Tasmania, Australia
  3. Rudd, Henry Goggs b: 1850 d: 11 APR 1925 in Holkham, Orford, Tasmania, Australia
  4. Rudd, Martha b: 14 JAN 1881 in Holkham, Orford, Tasmania, Australia d: 29 JAN 1881 in Holkham, Orford, Tasmania, Australia
  5. Rudd, Henry Thomas b: MAR 1883 in Holkham, Orford, Spring Bay,Tasmania, Australia d: 06 DEC 1886 in Spring Bay,Tasmania, Australia
  6. Rudd, Phyllis b: 30 JAN 1885 in Holkham, Orford, Spring Bay,Tasmania, Australia d: 30 AUG 1950 in Orford, Tasmania, Australia [7]


O4. Malunnah 5 Prosser River Road Orford TAS


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Malunnah


This property is one of the oldest in Orford. Built in 1863 and rich in history.
  • The house was built by the famous writer & artist Louisa Anne Meredith and her husband Charles.
  • Charles was responsible for the first bridge over the Prosser River in 1866 while he served as colonial treasurer and minister for land and works.
  • Built of local stone and heritage listed this property has many original feature still visible, from original shingles at the entrance to the gable roof.
  • Vaulted ceilings some with Baltic pine, split boards on the hallway walls and nursery ceiling.

The Heritage-Listed house is built of local stone and has a gabled roof currently of corrugated iron with evidence of the original shingles still visible.
  • The front porch is supported by Oyster Bay pine.
  • Some of Louisa's trees and shrubs are still growing in the pretty cottage garden.
  • The property spans an expansive 2.89 acres approx. and overlooks the sparkling Prosser River.

A gable roofed stone house occupying a fine site adjacent to the Prosser River. Although spoilt by unsympathetic additions, the house is locally important due to the small number of historic buildings.
Historic Malunnah, Orford TAS
Historic Malunnah, Orford TAS


Description:

A stone house with gabled roofs, and a stone terrace on its northern side. The prominent gable ends have decorative barge boards.
  • An asymmetric, single storey, sandstone building with a corrugated iron gabled roof, boxed eaves and simple chimneys.
  • The walls are rubble sandstone with squared quoinwork.
  • The gabled wing to one end of the front elevation has fretworked bargeboards, and pendant and finial.
  • Under the gable is a 2-part window. In the frontage next to the wing is the main entrance, under a gabled porch.
  • The bargeboards to the porch have a different motif to that of the wing. Above and to one side of the porch is a gabled roofed dormer window.
  • To the rest of the front elevation, are a 3-part window and a smaller window. All the windows are double-hung with large panes.
  • There is a flying-gabled wing to one side elevation with pendant and finial, and bargeboards having a different motif again.
  • Under the gable is a faceted bay with French windows. Next to this wing, is a modern gabled wing with a large square bay window.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Rustic Gothic
  • The walls are a mixture of rubble, and squared fieldstone, with rough sandstone quoins at corners.
  • Windows are two paned double hung, and are not original.


O5. Paradise Probation Station Station Creek Orford


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The ruins of the building usually referred to as the Paradise Probation Station does not seem to have been a probation station at all.
  • It was certainly used for convict accommodation and was originally established some time in about 1844.
  • It mainly housed convicts who were building the road on the north bank of the Prosser River which was to be used for general wheeled traffic.
  • The buildings at Paradise were made from the boards, shingles and nails of the dismantled Buckland Probation Station.
  • The station was abandoned by 1847 and the buildings were destroyed by fire in 1856.[8]

The Paradise Probation Station site has been visited over a long period of time which has resulted in vandalism contributing to the collapse of the remains and the removal of almost all of the bricks bearing the broad arrow mark.
  • However, as an archaeological site, the site appears to be one of the most intact of surviving probation station sites. It is well worth taking the walk along the Old Convict Road to check out the site.

The convict system was a major feature in the history of Tasmania. The Probation system was the last major phase of the convict system in Tasmania, and was restricted to that island from 1841-53.
  • At least 85 probation stations were established between 1841 and 1853, when transportation to Van Diemen's Land ceased.
  • The Paradise Probation Station was one of the probation stations established in this time. The site is important as a relatively intact archaeological site providing evidence of probation station design. The site appears to be one of the most intact of surviving probation station sites.
  • The Paradise Probation Station site is approximately 2 km along the convict built road which begins just north of the bridge across the Prosser River at Orford. The site is situated on a rise in open woodland encountered immediately after crossing Station Creek.
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The Paradise Probation Station operated between approx 1845 and 1847. After the Prosser's Plains (Buckland) Probation Station was closed in 1844, they dismantled the buildings and took them to Paradise. Convicts at both stations worked in gangs building the road between the two towns.
  • The site comprises an area approximately 100 x 300 m, the main concentration of structures being located on a relatively level area approximately 100 x 150 m between 15 and 20 m above the Prosser River.
  • The site is characterised by numerous rubble structures, none of which survive to their original height, consisting mainly of stone platforms, brick scatters and associated stone mounds identified as remnant chimney butts and fireplaces.
  • A distinctive gravel feature is evident within the main part of the site possibly indicative of a former yard area.
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Several pathways diverge from the main area leading to a structure tentatively identified as a privy and to a jetty, a remnant stone structure which protrudes a short distance into the Prosser River, now only visible at low tide.
  • The remains of twelve cells shown on the original plan are identifiable, surviving to a height of 1.5 m in some places, and exhibiting a system of alternate access designed to minimize communication between prisoners.
  • A date for the closure of the station is not definitively known. Certainly it was some time before 1855, based on a private application to lease the land attached to the station.
  • This request was rejected on the grounds that the buildings may have been required for police purposes. In 1856 part of the station was destroyed by fire and in 1870 the land was purchased from the Crown for farming purposes.
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The site is characterised by numerous dolerite structures located on a relatively level area between one and 20m above the Prosser River.
  • The rubble structures include stone platforms, brick scatters and associated stone mounds identified as remnant chimney butts and fireplaces.
  • Several pathways diverge from the main area and lead to a structure tentatively identified as a privy and to a jetty, now a remnant stone structure protruding into the Prosser River.
  • The remains of 12 cells are identifiable, surviving to a height of 1.5m in some places.
  • The convict built road provides access to the station from Orford and continues past the station towards Buckland.


O6. Quarry and Tramline Cutting, East Shelly Road, Luther Point, Orford, TAS


  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #90; CT120901/1, CT18181/15, CT114239/101, CT25641/7

Prosser’s Bay Quarry

In about the late 1860s the Orford Quarry began. It was known as the Prosser Bay Quarry or Crabtree’s Quarry and it was located near East Shelly Beach. Most people now call it The Shelly Beach Quarry.
Visit TasmanianGothic.com for an extended photographic essay on the Quarry.
Visit TasmanianGothic.com for an extended photographic essay on the Quarry.

  • A man named Jim Crabtree was listed as an Orford resident in 1899, so it’s likely that he worked there.
Prosser Bay Quarry
Prosser Bay Quarry

Orford Quarry
Orford Quarry

Orford Quarry
Orford Quarry

  • Orford became well known for its great sandstone. Orford’s sandstone was used for some of Melbourne’s main buildings like the post office and the town hall.
  • Ships used to come to the cliff-face jetty to load and the rocks were rolled down the slopes on small tram cars to the boats. Boats could only load at Orford when the wind was blowing in a certain direction.
All of the tools they used at the Orford quarry were hand made. They used oyster bay pine props to hold ledges of stone in place.
  • Oyster Bay pines are only found on the east coast. Some of the slabs of stone still lying in the quarry still show the marks of the picks of quarry workers who have long since been forgotten.

Orford Town

From 1869, a small community grew up around a quarry near east Shelly beach. While the quarry was operating there was a school, a post office, two shops and lots of houses all built on and around the cliffs nearby. Lots of people lived there to work at the quarry.
  • When the quarry was open there used to be two shops at the edge of the cliff face. Edward Powell and Joseph McNeil were the storekeepers but these shops closed in the early 1880s when the quarry workers moved on.
  • Norman Bellette had a shop in the 1920s just near the bridge on the north side. Frank Hood wrote in 1922 that the shop had trouble keeping up supplies to their family of seven. The shopkeeper said he had never before had to get in so many nails.

Quarrying from Orford stopped after a faulty load was sent to Melbourne and they refused to accept any more. After that many of the buildings were moved to other places and reused and most of the people moved away.
  • Individual people continued to cart stone from there for a long time and for years old Jim Fieldwick used to tell stories about the quarries.
  • The quarried sandstone was used in buildings in Hobart and also in the construction of Melbourne’s Post office & Town Hall.
  • With the closure of the quarry in 1882, many people left the area
Shelly Beach Walking Trail. Photo: Hazel Cochrane
Shelly Beach Walking Trail. Photo: Hazel Cochrane
Map of Shelly Beach showing old quarry top right
Map of Shelly Beach showing old quarry top right

A beautiful 2 km coastal walk along the cliff tops from East Shelly Beach to Spring Beach takes in the quarry, which provided sandstone for buildings in Hobart and Melbourne, including the Melbourne General Post Office and Melbourne Law Courts.
  • The quarry operated in the area from 1870 to 1890. The remains of the tram lines used to transport the stone from the quarry to be loaded onto ships are evident at Shelly Beach.
  • A short but steep climb to the ridgetop provides views of Maria Island as you walk towards Spring Beach.
Remains of the tram tracks used to transport stone from the quarry. Photo: Hazel Cochrane
Remains of the tram tracks used to transport stone from the quarry. Photo: Hazel Cochrane


O7. Prosser River Convict Station, (Alma Road) Orford


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Construction on the Convict Road started on the northern side of Paradise Gorge in about 1844, when the Paradise Probation Station was also built.
The probation station was abandoned three years later and work on the road came to an end, although the Paradise Gorge road was widened on the southern side in 1861.
Today you can still walk along the Convict Road to the ruins of the probabtion station, which was destroyed in a bushfire in 1856.
  • 'Little Holkham' or Miranda Cottage was the first settler property built in this area, [prior to 1860).
  • The Prosser River Convict Station housed the men who built the famous Old Convict Road, which starts immediately to the South-West of the mouth of Prosser River, lower left corner of the Google map.
  • This station was probably moved to Paradise Probation Station as work progressed, and the road was built out to the West.
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At least 85 probation stations were established between 1841 and 1853, when transportation to Van Diemen's Land ceased.
  • During the 1840s there were two probation stations between Buckland and Orford, between them accommodating 200 convicts while they built the road from each end.
  • After the Prosser's Plains (Buckland) Probation Station was closed in 1844, they dismantled the buildings and took them to Paradise (Gorge).
    Convicts at both stations worked in gangs, building the road between the two towns.
  • [NS3195/1/1501 Photograph by Jack Thwaites - Prosser River Probation Station - Ruins of convict cells.]

O8. Rheban Stables 1019 Rheban Road, Rheban via Orford


  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #92: CT118189/1-3, CT119411/1

Rheban - Boy leading horse
Rheban - Boy leading horse
"Situated at Rheban, and containing containing 7,600 acres, together with 2,050 acres of Crown lands held by the vendor and 100 acres under cultivation and 60 acres under grass.

The properties are subdivided into 15 runs and paddocks. Improvements consist of a five-roomed brick dwelling, shearing shed, dip, and yards on Earlham, also cottage and 6 huts, brick house stables and sheep yards.

Fences are entirely of wire, and approximately half the subdividing fences are also of wire. All runs are well watered by permanent waterholes and creeks. There is a large quantity of sheoak wood on Ringrove; the carrying capacity is 2,600."[10]
Rheban Cemetery Map
Rheban Cemetery Map

[Photograph by Jack Thwaites: Rheban - Boy leading horse - Old stables and buildings in background.]

O9. Rheban Grave Vault, 1019 Rheban Road, Rheban via Orford


  • Glamorgan Shire Bay Heritage #92; CT128860/1


O10. Rheban Spit Private Sanctuary Rheban Rd, Rheban via Orford TAS


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from Beaches of the Tasmanian Coast and Islands by A. D. Short)
from Beaches of the Tasmanian Coast and Islands by A. D. Short)

Description:


Rheban Spit Private Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 550 hectares on the east coast of Tasmania, about 10 south-east of Orford. The place includes Rheban Spit and the estuary of the Sandspit River, including a salt-water lagoon (Earlham Lagoon) and marshland dissected by inlets. The western side of the lagoon is adjacent to a gently sloping plain, most of which has been cleared for grazing.

Rheban Spit is a Holocene sand barrier which differs in several respects to others in southeastern Australia.
  • Firstly, it is a beach ridge system which is building up (prograding), whereas most sandy shorelines are receding, and has been since at least 1946.
  • The four sets of beach ridges making up the Spit have been dated to about 5,500, 4,200, and 3,100 years ago, with the last set formed this century.
  • This age structure is unusual for a coastal barrier in eastern Australia because most started to prograde about 7,000 years ago and ceased about 2,000 years ago.
  • The series of ridges on the Spit demonstrates alternation between erosional and depositional phases during formation, and this may be associated with the periodic removal of the isthmus between north and south Maria Island, to the east of the Sanctuary.

Rheban Spit, within Sandspit River Conservation Area, exhibits characteristics unusual for a coastal barrier in eastern Australia. It has attracted researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geomorphology and botany.
  • Representative Blue Gum (EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS) coastal grassy forest occurs on deep siliceous sands at Rheban Spit. Only two other occurrences of this species in such an environment are known in Tasmania.
  • Sandspit River Conservation Area supports many species of birds, many of which breed there. Breeding taxa include Fairy Tern (STERNA BERGII), Hooded Dotterel (CHARADRIUS RUBRICOLLIS), and Red capped Dotterel (C. RUFICAPILLUS).
  • Part of the place is habitat for a race of the rare Hairstreak Butterfly (PSEUDALMENUS CHLORINDA MYRSILUS). The diversity of invertebrate species inhabiting the saltmarshes is unusually high for Tasmania.


O11. Stapleton House, 460 Rheban Road Spring Beach, Tas 7190


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Stapleton House was the original homestead of Stapleton Beach. Built in 1861 by Thomas and Mary Stapleton this mainly sandstone Victorian Georgian building offers you a part of Tasmania's history ,a comfortable home and a glorious location.
  • Set on 10 acres the residence has sweeping views over the coastline towards Maria Island and is close by private Stapleton Beach .
  • The residence has the living, dining, kitchen, bathroom, one bedroom and laundry areas on the ground floor with two further bedrooms and a sunroom/study upstairs.
  • A separate chalet has a bedroom and toilet. Beautiful sandstone walls and Tas oak beams are features of the downstairs area of this Heritage listed property.
Stapleton House
Stapleton House
Stapleton is of historic heritage significance because of its ability to demonstrate the principal characteristics of a single storey, sandstone Victorian Georgian domestic building.

Description:


This is a single storey, squared-rubble sandstone building with a corrugated iron gabled roof.
  • The roof is a modern replacement, with a dormer window extending the length of the front elevation and pressed metal sheet in the gable.
  • The door is off-centre, with one window on one side and two on the other.
  • There is a small faceted bay window to one side elevation, with a separate faceted roof.
  • The verandah extends along two adjacent elevations, with a frieze of square glass panes and a simple railing. There is an extension to the rear.
  • ARCHITECTURAL STYLE:- Victorian Georgian


O12. Three Thumbs State Reserve and Adjacent Area, Orford, TAS, Australia


"It’s worth the drive to visit Thumbs Lookout if you’re lucky enough to be anywhere near Orford. The views over Prosser Bay to Great Oyster Bay and the Freycinet Peninsula are magnificent."
Lookout to Orford and Triabunna
Lookout to Orford and Triabunna

Three Thumbs
Three Thumbs

It isn’t often that the one of the best views from a hike is before you begin but it is the case with the Three Thumbs Track. From the Thumbs picnic area, fantastic views of Maria Island and Spring Bay are on show before walking 50m down to the start of the track.
  • The initial climb off the road is the steepest of the trail, climbing abruptly to meet the ridge line of the Three Thumbs. Following the ridge line, the trail leads you over the undulating hills of the thumbs. The trail itself is well defined and often marked with cairns.
  • The third and final Thumb is accessed via some rock spree scrambling, gently climbing to the summit point of 549 metres. From the top views out towards Orford and the Prosser River can be gained through the treeline. Return to the carpark the same way.

The decision to enter this place in the Register of the National Estate indicates that its values are protected through reservation in the CAR reserve system, by other measures appropriate to the value, or that its values will not be affected by timber harvesting.
The place may also contain values which are sensitive and, if located in unreserved tenures, could be locally impacted by forest operations or other land use activities. Under the RFA, these values will continue to be protected at the regional level.


O13. Wielangta Refugia Site, Orford, TAS

The Sandspit River rainforest area
The Sandspit River rainforest area



The Wielangta forest is part of remnant glacial refugia forest and contains blue gum eucalypt forest and pockets of cool temperate rainforest.
  • The forest is a key habitat of rare and threatened species, including the Tasmanian Wedge-tailed Eagle, Swift Parrot, Wielangta Stag Beetle, Spotted-tail Quoll and Eastern Barred Bandicoot.
In the heart of the Wielangta Forest, the Sandspit Forest Reserve
In the heart of the Wielangta Forest, the Sandspit Forest Reserve
Wielangta Forest Drive
Wielangta Forest Drive

  • Wielangta walk is a 2 hour return walk that follows the route of an abandoned tramway to the remnants of the old timber milling township of Wielangta.
    • The mill operated from 1911 to 1924, with cut timber carted on trams down the coast to Rheban where it was loaded onto a jetty and shipped off.
  • There is another shorter walk through the rainforest (20 minutes return) at Robertson's bridge.

About halfway between Copping and Orford in the heart of the Wielangta Forest, the Sandspit Forest Reserve picnic area provides a great stopping point for a picnic in one of the two stone shelters once used by Aborigines.

Wielangta has a high diversity of eucalypt species and also is the range limit for several species (e.g. E. barberi, E. delegatensis, E.urnigera) and contains rare, relictual and hybrid populations including E. cordata, E. coccifera and E. delegatensis (Potts & Tilyard 2012).

East Coast Conservation Corridor
East Coast Conservation Corridor
The Wielangta forest is in south-east Tasmania, Australia. It is notable for its role in a 2006 court case that called into question the effectiveness of Australia's cooperative Commonwealth-State forest management regime known as Regional Forest Agreements.[1]

Environment


The Wielangta forest is part of remnant glacial refugia forest and contains blue gum eucalypt forest and pockets of cool temperate rainforest. The forest is a key habitat of rare and threatened species, including the Tasmanian wedge-tailed eagle, swift parrot, Wielangta stag beetle, spotted-tail quoll and eastern barred bandicoot. A rare orchid (Genoplesium nudum) has also been discovered in the forest. The forest forms part of the South-east Tasmania Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance in the conservation of a range of woodland birds.[2]

Logging controversy


The forest is under the control of Forestry Tasmania, with logging being allowed. The logging of the forest has been contentious due to the impact on rare and threatened species. Environmentalists called for the Wielangta forest area to be incorporated into a broader reserve offering full protection to environmental and biodiversity values. Some parts of Wielangta were granted formal protection in the recent Supplementary Regional Forest Agreement.(Tasmania).[3]

Summary

  • Diverse assemblage of forest communities ranging from E. Pulcella grassy forest to closed canopy rainforest in an area of steep hills, gullies and ridges.
  • Condition and Integrity: Quite good - some E. REGNANS logging in the past. Fire trails.



O14. Wielangta township and Tramline to Coast at Rheban


  • An indicative Heritage location but not protected other than by Federal-State Regional Forestry agreements.

The Wielangta State Forest is home to the Old Wielangta Township and the decaying remains of old tram tracks and iron boilers.
  • Wielangta was once a thriving sawmilling town.
  • The mill operated from 1911 to 1924, with cut timber carted on trams down the coast to Rheban where it was loaded onto a jetty and shipped off.
Rheban Jetty in 1950
Rheban Jetty in 1950

'Hauling equipment off Rheban jetty', c 1913
'Hauling equipment off Rheban jetty', c 1913

  • The Jetty at Rheban Beach has now been demolished.
    Read a little more:Tasmania Then and Now
  • Rheban beach is next to the Rheban farm homestead (a bit south of Orford). It's accessed from their land but they have given the public permission for day use. It's near the Sandspit Conservation area. You can launch your boat from the beach and walk your dog (on a lead). Maria Island is directly opposite.
    Annie Taylor (wrecked 1923) on Rheban Beach
    Annie Taylor (wrecked 1923) on Rheban Beach

    Annie Taylor (wreck) on Rheban Beach – not long after beaching judging by the flotsam around her.
    Photo reproduced from: O’May, H. (1954; reprinted 1985). Wrecks in Tasmanian Waters 1797 – 1950. Tasmanian Government Printer.
    Read More: Now and Then by Bill Cromer
Horse drawn log hauling
Horse drawn log hauling

[H. Allport] Locomotive on the Wielangta mill tramway, circa 1910. David Lidster collection
[H. Allport] Locomotive on the Wielangta mill tramway, circa 1910. David Lidster collection

Wielangta Tramway construction
Wielangta Tramway construction

Wielangta Tramway locomotive
Wielangta Tramway locomotive

  • The Wielangta forest drive is a gravel forest road through lush, damp rainforest with much more wildlife on the roads than cars, wildlife that includes wallabies, potoroos, quolls and wedge-tailed eagles.
  • The saw mill was closed in 1924 because of a lack of timber and some years later a fire destroyed the township.

Rheban Tramway Trail Map
Rheban Tramway Trail Map
In the south-east of Tasmania, there was once a thriving timber town known as Wielangta. In its heyday it had a general store, bakery, blacksmiths’ shops, a school and of course several saw mills.
  • Wielangta was ravaged by bushfires in the 1920s and abandoned in 1928.

The main lifeline for the long-deserted Wielangta township was a tramway out to the coast at Rheban. A section of this makes for a liesurely stroll along the SandSpit River mid-way between Copping and Orford.
  • Wielangta walk is a 2 hour return walk that follows the route of the abandoned tramway to the remnants of the old timber milling township of Wielangta. There is another shorter walk through the rainforest (20 minutes return) at Robertsons bridge.
Wielangta's Tallest Bluegums in Tassie
Wielangta's Tallest Bluegums in Tassie

Wielangta Forest Drive
Wielangta Forest Drive

The Wielangta Forest covers an area of approximately 37, 500 hectares, has a mixture of land tenures and contains a mosaic of production forest and reserve areas. Wielangta has been a working forest from the early days of timber harvesting to the present day and offers a range of experiences for exploring forest environments.

Tastrekker - SUNDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2016: Wielangta Walks

Wielangta Rain Forest
Wielangta Rain Forest

Sassafras trees at Wielangta Rain Forest Walk
Sassafras trees at Wielangta Rain Forest Walk

Wielangta Rain Forest Walk
Wielangta Rain Forest Walk

Sandspit River
Sandspit River

  • Take the existing road from Orford to Rheban then on through Wielangta Forest to the Kellevie turnoff and on to Dunalley, which offers potentially one of the most stunning tourist routes in Australia.
  • Very rarely could one see such beautiful coastal scenery ... then on through magnificent forest with the tallest blue gums in Australia and a wealth of wildlife and down to the coastal agricultural area at Marion Bay and Blackman Bay.


external image natalie-mendham-bone-on-transparent-02-1.png
Our boys regularly bring home“Postcards from the town that disappeared” by Cilia Lendis. It’s about a boy who rode his pony, Jo, from Nugent to Wielangta to deliver the mail to the families living in the forestry town. Our boys were captivated by the story, the history area, the forest, the characters and the train that carted the sawn timber to the port at Rheben on the coast.

IMG_0650-4
IMG_0650-4
IMG_0656-6
IMG_0656-6





The reserve protects a representative range of the marine habitats found on Tasmania’s east coast. These include seagrass, sand and reefs with a range of rock types (dolerite, siltstone, sandstone, and limestone) and wave exposures (from sheltered to fully exposed). In Fossil Bay on the exposed north coast, deep gutters, overhangs and caves (extending up to 40 m into the limestone cliffs) form spectacular seascapes both above and below the water. On the more sheltered western shore, which is protected from fishing, large southern rock lobsters abound and the numbers of reef fish, such as bastard trumpeter, banded morwong and boarfish, have greatly increased since the reserve was declared in 1991. Seahorses and weedy seadragons are commonly sighted, while fascinating species such as warty prowfish and red velvetfish hide amongst sponges and algae.
  1. ^ http://www.utas.edu.au/library/exhibitions/quaker/quaker_biographies/quaker_biog_f_cotton.html
  2. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/9094274
  3. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/9094274
  4. ^ http://www.themercury.com.au/lifestyle/tassies-east-coast-a-hotspot-for-romance-and-indulgence/news-story/6d800b191ecd7fab542927513267b42f
  5. ^ http://www.highlysuggestible.com.au/people-susan-west-thalia-haven/
  6. ^ http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/indeX.aspX?base=3507
  7. ^ http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=SHOW&db=wermore&recno=123314
  8. ^ https://orfordprimary.education.tas.edu.au/Pages/Orford-Then-and-Now.aspx
  9. ^ http://greataustraliansecret.com/tasmania/east-coast-tasmania/orford/
  10. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/29140500?afterLoad=showCorrections