Mosman Federation Heritage

[Previous page: Bungalow, Centennial Park Next page Fairlight Heritage, NSW]

At the turn of the century, rows of shops and Federation architecture homes were built in Mosman which is primarily a residential suburb. Federation era houses predominate but there are also other styles ranging from Californian Bungalow to modern townhouse and apartment buildings.
  • Mosman’s first large home—'The Nest'—was built in 1833..
  • Boronia House, built in 1885 has had a variety of uses including as the former municipal library.[6]
  • Monterey, a large federation house, was built above Mosman Bay and in the 1980s was divided into a number of upmarket units
.- From Wikipedia:

National Federation Heritage Items:

  1. 'Boronia' 624-632 Military Road Mosman
    Boronia is an excellent example of a substantial villla in the Victorian Filigree style on a site of ample frontage retaining much of its 19th century formal Victorian garden setting to the road. The handsome symmetry of the house is complemented by the open gardens and the stone and iron palisade front fence. The building and its setting are in excellent condition.
    Designer/Maker: Sheerin & Hennessy (1885); Clive Lucas & Partners (1985 restoration)
  2. 'The Budds', corner 8 Magic Grove and 28 Mistral Avenue, Mosman
    A rare Sydney example of a residence designed by the noted architect E. Jeaffreson Jackson around the turn of the century (1906) in the shingle (Federation Arts & Crafts) style displaying a North American influence.[1] Set over 1450 sqm and encompassing a large corner block, the Home features high ceilings, separate formal lounge, dining and sitting rooms. The kitchen leads on to a large separate breakfast room. Circa 1906, this Home has high ceilings, fire places, under floor heating down stairs and immense storage. [2]
  3. 'Shadwell' Circa 1890, 42 Cowles Road Mosman
    "Behind high hedges and picket fences, discover an irreplaceable piece of Mosman's history. A unique, light-filled family home with traditional corrugated iron roofing, bull-nosed return verandah and iron-lace embellishments. Perfectly private, surrounded by country-cottage plantings of roses and gardenias, it's so serene and appealing, you'd think you were in Bowral!"
    "Unspoilt, retaining its history and meticulously presented with wide entry, high ceilings, original polished floors and fireplaces."[3]
  4. 'Monterey', residential apartments, 1 Avenue Road Mosman
Boronia House, built in 1885
Boronia House, built in 1885


Monterey_2.jpg
Monterey House

The Budd's 28 Mistral Ave
The Budd's 28 Mistral Ave


Shadwell, 42 Cowles Road
Shadwell, 42 Cowles Road


Mosman History

Mosman is named after Archibald Mosman (1799–1863) and his twin brother George, who moved onto a 4-acre (16,000 m2) land grant in the area in 1831. They were involved in shipping, and founded a whaling station on a bay in the harbour, which became known as Mosman’s Bay.
  • Harnett Senior purchased Archibald Mosman’s original 108 acres (0.44 km2) in 1859 and in 1878 established a sandstone quarry at Mosman Bay. In 1871, he built a wharf and subsidised a ferry service between Mosman Bay, Neutral Bay, and Circular Quay.[14[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosman#cite_note-14|]]]
  • He promoted a land development known as the Mosman Bay Estate; when the land was sold, the ferry service was cancelled, much to the annoyance of the new landowners.[15[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosman#cite_note-15|]]]
  • His son, Richard Harnett Junior, was the first Mayor elected when Mosman became a municipality in 1893 with 1,600 residents, breaking away from the North Sydney municipality.[16[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosman#cite_note-16|]]] Both men were major influences in Mosman and were responsible for building many roads, a horse-drawn bus service and ferry services linking Mosman to the city.
  • At the turn of the century, Mosman prospered as building activity intensified. Rows of shops and magnificent federation style homes were built by the increasing population, attracted to the natural charm and vistas of the unique bushland and water surrounds. There are around 500 Heritage Items and Archaeological Sites and 13 Heritage Conservation Areas listed in Mosman.
  • New residents created and maintained the social character of Mosman. It drew artists, writers, intellectuals, businessmen and professionals who strongly rejected proposals which may be likely to undermine the residential nature of their home. Council policies zealously maintained parks and reserves with constant effort to enhance the beauty of the natural landscape.
    4f318c557dd7192c570000e6.jpg
    10 Union Street MOSMAN
  • Population rose in the 1960s so new flats were built to cope with housing shortages throughout Sydney. As multi-storey flat developments began and became a public concern, leading to controls and restrictions being introduced. At the end of the 1960s, Council introduced controls and restrictions and by 1973 high-rise development was banned.[4]
Mosman’s residents continue to be allowed to use the following traditional locality names if they wished:[2]

Mosman Council has produced four short programs about architecture in Mosman with well-known architectural historian Robert Irving OAM: Mosman’s Built Heritage.
Architectural historian Robert Irving
Architectural historian Robert Irving

  1. What do we value about Mosman’s Heritage?
  2. Mosman’s Federation Past
  3. Mosman Between The Wars
  4. Today’s Buildings: Tomorrow’s Heritage


Significant State Federation Heritage Buildings

1. The Manor

Federation Queen Anne/Arts-&-Crafts. This is a large and imposing dark-brick residence, located on a broad site addressing Iluka Road at the bottom of the slope of Morella Road.[5]
The_Manor,_Sydney.JPG
The Manor, at a habourside location in Clifton Gardens

The_Manor,_viewed_from_Iluka_Road.JPG
The Manor, viewed from Iluka Road

The Manor, at a habourside location in Clifton Gardens, is a large mansion loosely in the Federation style. Built circa 1911 by a Mr Bakewell as an eight-room cottage, it grew to over thirty rooms, most of which were lined with beaten copper. It was known locally as Bakewell's Folly.[21]

Its form is unusually linear in character and its architecture displays features of one of the most historic of Mosman's styles. Said to be the largest house in Mosman.

In the 1920s, the Theosophical Society rented and then purchased The Manor, which was regarded as a great "occult forcing-house". It became an important centre for the Society and is still used by them today. The English writer Mary Lutyens, who stayed at The Manor in the 1920s, described it as "a huge and hideous villa."[22]



'Shadwell' Circa 1890, 42 Cowles Road Mosman


external image 42%2520Cowles%2520Road%2520Mosman%25202088%2520a-xlrg.jpg
"An irreplaceable piece of Mosman's history; a unique, light-filled family home with traditional corrugated iron roofing, bull-nosed return verandah and iron-lace embellishments. Perfectly private, surrounded by country-cottage plantings of roses and gardenias, it's so serene and appealing, you'd think you were in Bowral!

external image 42%2520Cowles%2520Road%252C%2520Mosman%252Cc-xlrg.jpg
"Unspoilt, retaining its history and meticulously presented with wide entry, high ceilings, original polished floors and fireplaces.

"A sympathetic renovation has maximised northerly light and a generous 754sqm block to create a stunning home that's relaxed and easy-to-live in, both indoors and out. To suit your needs, the large formal sitting room is complemented by a vast open plan casual living and dining with 12ft ceilings and multiple French doors that lead to the paved terrace, gardens, the gazebo and large level manicured lawns ... plenty of room for a pool.

external image 42%2520Cowles%2520Road%2520Mosman%25202088%2520e-xlrg.jpg
"The kitchen interacts with the living and features marble and stainless steel benches and has direct access to the garage. The peaceful study also overlooks and opens to the North facing terrace surrounded by mature green gardens. The laundry connects to the large cellar and storage area."

Property Sold History
14/02/2011 Government Notified Sale (Normal Sale) Residence $2,900,000
02/09/2005 Government Notified Sale (Normal Sale) Residence $2,200,000[6]


2. Federation Queen Anne Style

from Mosman's Architectural Heritage - by Robert Staas

81 Muston Street Mosman

Federation Queen Anne. A single storey Federation Queen Anne residence located on a sloping corner site, with views to two-storey over Middle Harbour. The red terracotta hipped roof with gables, tall roughcast rendered chimneys, dominant two-storey corner tower with shingle tile roof and walls and decorative verandah timberwork typify the Federation Queen Anne style.

37 Prince Albert Street, Mosman

A fine example of the Federation Queen Anne style and representative of the quality and scale of development on the high side of Prince Albert Street, especially on a prominent corner site.
Large single-storey Federation Queen Anne residence of face brick on a sandstone block base, with a hipped terracotta tile roof. It is located on a corner block and has a gabled bay projecting to each of the two street facades with a third diagonal gablet on the 'piazza' corner of the L-shaped verandah.
81 Muston Street Mosman
81 Muston Street Mosman


37 Prince Albert Street Mosman
37 Prince Albert Street Mosman

2 Wolseley Rd Mosman
2 Wolseley Rd Mosman


82-84 Glover Street Mosman
82-84 Glover Street Mosman


88-92 Glover Street Mosman
88-92 Glover Street Mosman


82-84. and 88-94 Glover Street Mosman


Federation Queen Anne/Arts-and-Crafts. These houses are interestingly similar but not identical versions of the Federation period semi-detached form. They are brick-built with tuckpointed fronts and hipped terra-cotta tiled roofs.
  • Each pair has a full-width front verandah whose roof is an extension of the main slope. The chimneys are stuccoed or roughcast with simply corniced tops and pots.
  • Each pair of houses has a central gable motif in the centre above the party wall: the gable at No.s 88-90 rises from the front wall of the building while that of No.s 92-94 rises from the verandah edge. Each has two flanking gables: those of 88-90 rise from the verandah edge while those of 92-94 rise from the front wall of the building.
  • The gables have differing decoration including turned balusters and sunbursts. The verandah posts are turned and chamfered timber, doubled where they support gables, and the friezes have balusters of differing designs. No. 90 has an intrusive bagged brick fence which disturbs the symmetry of the group; the others have picket fences.
  • These houses make an interesting ensemble with the houses at No.s 82, 84 and 86 Glover Street.

Strathairlie50 Bradleys Head Road Mosman

A small, ornate Queen Anne house featuring an unusual entry porch/verandah area. One to two-storey Federation Queen Anne residence of tuckpointed face brick on a sandstone plinth, with sandstone verandah and trim.
  • It is a small-scale, ornate building with emphasis on the balanced symmetrical entry porch.
  • A number of delightful features on Union Street includea projecting corner gable over a facetted bay. Tall roughcast and stuccoed chimneys project from the terracotta tile roof.
  • A stone fence encloses the small but contributory garden which includes a mature palm tree.
50 Bradleys Head Road
50 Bradleys Head Road


Gooyang House, 53 Bradleys Head Road, Mosman
Gooyang House, 53 Bradleys Head Road, Mosman

Trelawney House 63 Bradley Head Road Mosman
Trelawney House 63 Bradley Head Road Mosman


Westmeath House, 56 Bradleys Head Road Mosman
Westmeath House, 56 Bradleys Head Road Mosman

Gooyang53 Bradleys Head Road Mosman

  • A single storey face brick Queen Anne house which appears to be intact. A verandah stretches along the facade but the principal entry appears to be from the side, and approached along the driveway. The entrance is flanked by square columns with classical details and the door is recessed behind an arch. The roof is of slate with a picturesque set of tall, brick and render chimneys. The house is elevated from teh street with a sandstone retaining wall/fence. It is set in a garden and is mostly hidden from the street by a hedge.

Westmeath, 56 Bradleys Head Road, Mosman

  • An unusual example of the (Gothic) Queen Anne style this large residence is a prominent feature on the Bradley's Head Road streetscape.
  • A two-storey face brick residence with an eclectic mix of building elements. The complex slate roof is basically hipped with a broken-back form over the verandahs. The verandah roof becomes a window hood as it wraps around the octagonal corner turret which dominates the house with its large turret roof.
    A street facing gable is partly screened by the verandah roof. The walls are equally interesting with roughcast string courses and cement rendered, cuvilinear window sills on the turret. The upper end of the verandah is enclosed above the shingled apron with sashes having top and bottom rows of coloured glass panes. The low stone fence has had new piers added.
    Built in 1915 by W H Smith, a Mayor of Mosman and partner of S.H. Cabban. These two entrepreneurs acquired 170 allotments along Bradleys Head Road and adjoining streets, and proceeded to erect many of the houses still standing in this area.

Trelawney, 63 Bradleys Head Road, Mosman

  • A very fine and typically agglomerative composition which very successfully addresses the two streets of its corner location. It displays an interesting ensemble of timber architectural detailing in the Queen Anne manner, a style important in Mosman's history and development. The heritage listing includes the fence which is contemporary with the construction of the dwelling and which forms part of the overall heritage significance of the place and its setting.
  • As is often the case in houses of this period, this is a most interesting Queen Anne/Arts-&-Crafts agglomeration. To a basic hip-roofed form are added a complex composition of gables, one of which is angled and has a broad facetted window bay; another, facing Effingham Street, is a two-storeyed wing with a shingle-aproned balcony above a wider verandah later glazed in authentic style.
    The verandah facing Bradley's Head Road is a single-storeyed, with sandstone piers supporting paired timber posts and decorative friezes. The house has dark red brick walls on a sandstone base, a roof of red-orange unglazed terra cotta tiles with crenellated ridges, and tall brick-and-stucco chimneys. The fence has a stone base, the front sections being iron palisading and the side having palings.

3. Federation Bungalow style

from Mosman's Architectural Heritage - by Robert Staas

Tregoyd, House and Garden, 161 Raglan Street, Mosman

external image tregoyd_0021_20120522073400.jpg.jpg
external image tregoyd_0022_20120522104142+1.jpg.jpg
external image 19286293_17_x.jpg
external image tregoyd_0000_20120522073400+12.jpg.jpg

Designed by E Jeaffreson Jackson for William Portus Cullen, then Chief Justice of NSW. Cullen used the large garden to propogate Australian plants.
  • Considered by the National Trust as the first Queen Anne bungalow desgned by Jackson. Freeland claims that its "bold gable roof, natural colouring and brooding verandah" are features that point towards Jackson having brought the bungalow to Australia.
  • Designed by Arhictect E Jeaffreson Jackson in Federation Arts-&-Crafts style. A large two-storey face brick Federation Queen Anne bungalow residence in extensive grounds. The roof form includes an octagonal pyramid-topped tower and a steeply pitched terra cotta gable entry roof which incorporates the second floor within the roof space. A gable entrance wing includes covered porch and bay with leadlight windows. There is a separate two storey garage, large grounds with mature tree species and a stone boundary wall.
  • The National Trust-listed mansion was built for Sir William Cullen, the Chief Justice of NSW. Author Ethel Turner, of Seven Little Australians fame, spent much of her time at Tregoyd visiting Lady Cullen and finding inspiration in the gardens and views overlooking Balmoral Beach.
  • Tregoyd's second owner was Mosman Daily newspaper founder Arthur Walker, who bought the Raglan Street property in 1917. Walker sold to Sir Tristan and Lady Antico for £11,000 in 1953.
  • Despite hard-fought opposition from locals, the estate was carved into a luxury residential compound with 11 pavillion-style houses designed by Allen Jack & Cottier architect Keith Cottier.The 120-year-old residence sits on a 2,800-square-metre curtilage.

4. Federation Arts and Crafts style

'The Budds', corner 8 Magic Grove and 28 Mistral Avenue, Mosman

external image S1301-31533-Fronthouse1.jpg
"Large, two-storey rambling Inter-War Arts & Crafts house. The ground floor is in face brick, the upper level in timber shingles and the roof of terracotta. Features include bay windows, hoods and small pane windows."
external image 4762286_04_x.jpg
external image 4762286_02_x.jpg
"A rare Sydney example of a residence designed by the noted architect E. Jeaffreson Jackson around the turn of the century (1900) in the shingle (Federation Arts & Crafts) style displaying a North American influence. The house is essentially intact and retains most of its original external detailing and materials including its timber shingles, casement windows and terracotta tiles. The house is complemented by its tennis court and street tree planting of brush box (Lophostemon confertus) trees. (Branch Head's report no. 203/79, 18/9/1979, modified by Read, S., 25/5/2007).
"Jeaffreson Jackson was an influential and innovative architect in the area of residential designs with examples of his work appearing in Arts and Architecture and other leading magazines of the day."
"No. 28 Mistral Avenue is sited opposite that of another house designed by the same architect producing an important group relationship. Both houses are essentially intact and located on corner sites, this combined with their two storey height, similar style, distinctive designs and landscaped setting of extensive lawns produces an interesting townscape element"[7]


from Mosman's Architectural Heritage - by Robert Staas

156-158 Raglan Street Mosman

  • These two houses form a most attractive group exemplifying the Arts-and-Crafts style of architecture and making a positive contribution to the streetscape.
    156-158 Raglan Street Mosman
    156-158 Raglan Street Mosman

    Federation Arts-and-Crafts.
  • These two brick houses are identical in general form but differ in detail. Each is a mirror image of the other. Each is a storey and a half high, a steep-pitched, tiled and gabled composition with a main street-facing gable and a gabled wing projecting further forward, beside which is an arched recessed entrance verandah.
  • The gables are sheeted with diagonally laid asbestos-cement shingles. Towards the rear there are lateral roof forms. Each house has an additional front bay with an arched window, the bay of No 158 being gabled while No 156 has a flared hipped shingled roof. Windows are casements with some small panes of coloured glass.

There are almost 500 Heritage Items and Archaeological Sites and 11 Heritage Conservation Areas listed in Mosman.

Heritage Brochures & Guides

Heritage Studies

Heritage Conservation Areas

Maps are available for each of the 11 Heritage Conservation Areas within Mosman.


Mosman's 'Merchant Mansions'

The merchant bankers’ Mosman merry-go-round is a feature of the Mosman property market.
  • Until the global financial crisis, Mosman vendors enjoyed the home-buying spree that followed, like clockwork, the cash-dominated bonuses given to successful merchant bankers.
  • But the bonus-inspired property purchases disappeared during the depths of the 2008 and 2009 financial crisis, and the after-effects lingered until recently.
  • The ongoing decline in bonuses among merchant bankers and financial sector executives, and share options that are lapsing due to the weak sharemarket have all seriously impacted on the prestige property market.
  • It's the Macquarie Bank boss Nicholas Moore and wife Helen who've signalled the prestigious suburb still has some internal movement. They are soon to upgrade to a $13 million contemporary harbourfront home on MiddleHarbour, having lived elsewhere in a Federation Mosman house that cost just over $1 million in 1991.[8]

Two examples of the 'Mosman Mansions' owned or sold by Merchant Bankers:

  • 23 Ruby Street MOSMAN


    Jonathan Chancellor Friday, 24 May 2013
The Macquarie Bank boss Nicholas Moore and wife Helen, who are upgrading to a $13.15 million contemporary harbourfront home on Middle Harbour, have sold their Federation Mosman house.
  • Costing just over $1 million in 1991, the property was initially advertised last November and sold earlier this month at an undisclosed price through LJ Hooker agents Mary Jane Hamer and Geoff Smith.
  • "Classic Mosman Grandeur"
external image 2010049116_1_FS.jpg
  • "Occupying a substantial sandstone footprint on an elevated 1008sqm parcel of land resides a gracious landmark home of majestic proportions synonymous with this dress circle location.
external image 2010049116_3_FS%2520%25281%2529.jpg
external image ruby2.jpg
Stunning original craftsmanship has been expertly revived and interpreted to provide fluid functionality for contemporary family life.
  • Practically, the ambient family room effortlessly extends outdoors and an innovative upper level extension provides an expansive parent's retreat complete with ensuite, TV room, balconies and possible study.
  • A true entertainers delight with two magnificent formal living rooms welcoming a spectacular outlook encompassing views of Sydney Harbour, Opera House and Centerpoint Tower.

    View from 23 Ruby Street Mosman
    View from 23 Ruby Street Mosman














  • "The house was marketed as occupying a substantial sandstone footprint on its elevated 1,008-square-metre block. "The house with 365 square metres of internal space shows original craftsmanship. Its formal living rooms have views towards Sydney Harbour, the Opera House and Centerpoint Tower. It has an imposing banquet dining hall with ornate picture window centrepiece. "
  • Experience one of Mosman's finest addresses for views, grandeur and convenience".[9]


  • 16 Bradleys Head Road Mosman


    "One of the Finest Estates that Mosman Can Offer"
    external image 2477c39c-8bb1-4449-8633-8e4d47bdc0fd_FS.jpg
    "A magnificent Smith & Cabban “Merchant’s Mansion” in a commanding, private & tranquil, dress circle position with expansive views to The Bridge and North Sydney. A vast and welcoming home on a prized holding of around 1500 sqm with north-south tennis court and pool … family estates like this are rarely found … and then, only once in a lifetime."

    external image fa17e36d-4250-424f-ad35-7ff5135f62a0_FS.jpg
    "Stately with immediate street presence, the interiors open to reveal a traditional grandeur that embraces the airy spacious that’s so typical of these Mosman thoroughbreds.
    external image 12b86d63-0512-413b-9adf-9fb75d25bcd2_FS.jpg
    "Polished floors, high ornate ceilings, banks of bay windows and fireplaces, as originally designed, have been skillfully matched to merge with the open-plan living, dining and kitchen that spill through French doors to the decks that overlook the pool and court. This is the heart of 21st century living where easy informality sets the mark. All on one level, the lower floor is a private family playground with a huge rumpus room, kitchenette, bathroom, covered terraces, level lawns with cubby and swings, heated pool and the tennis court.external image 0a0149aa-c081-45fa-b4a7-2f569b870775_FS.JPG?mod=121211-140323

    external image 7a7f4243-1511-4153-80e7-a108aa7813f4_FS.jpg
    "The upper level, so suited to family living, offers 7 generous bedrooms with soaring ceilings. The master suite with ensuite & WIR opens to a private balcony that takes in the views. The 7th bedroom on the main level is ideal for guests. Wine cellar, carport, off street parking for 4 further cars, R/C air conditioning upstairs and central heating complete the package."[10]

Some of the fascinating Federation Heritage of Mosman:

51 Holt Avenue Mosman

Classic freestanding Federation home c1903 with 3 double size bedrooms with built-ins.
  • Federation Elegance with Great Light and Location
  • Spacious formal lounge and dining area with both with bay window and marble fireplace
51_Holt_Avenue.jpg
51 Holt Avenue Rent $1,400 Weekly

51_Holt_Avenue2.jpg
51 Holt Avenue Dining Room with original plasterwork and bay window nook

51_Holt_Avenue3.jpg
Original fireplace and ceiling rose

51_Holt_Avenue4.jpg
51 Holt Avenue showing original fireplace and bay window


5 Union Street MOSMAN

Virtual Tour
2009465521_2_FS.JPG
5 Union Street MOSMAN

2009465521_1_FS.JPG
5 Union Street MOSMAN

2009465521_6_FS.JPG
Original Federation Glass windows and picture rails, arch, architraves

2009465521_4_FS.JPG
Federation Verandah with original tiling, fretwork and side window frames


19 Mandolong Road MOSMAN

1905 Federation house on the Balmoral slopes.
  • Views across Manly and the Heads
  • Area 891m2 site
  • surrounded by stunning mature gardens doted with water features, flat lawn and private places
19_Mandolong_Road_Mosman.jpg
19 Mandolong Road MOSMAN

1905_Federation_is_a_true_jewel_of_Balmoral_slopes._5.jpg
The Library, still with wooden floors, bay window, fireplace, and picture rails

1905_Federation_is_a_true_jewel_of_Balmoral_slopes._4.jpg
Edwardian furnishings with Victorian trim

  1. ^ http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=5045051
  2. ^ http://myproperty.raywhite.com/PropertyDetails.aspx?id=226772
  3. ^ http://www.thehomepage.com.au/property/residential/42-cowles-road-mosman/144182
  4. ^ http://www.mosman.nsw.gov.au/mosman/history/from-1788
  5. ^ http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=2060212
  6. ^ http://www.onthehouse.com.au/reports/property_profile/282020/42_Cowles_Road_MOSMAN_NSW_2088/
  7. ^

    http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=5045051
  8. ^ http://www.propertyobserver.com.au/title-tattle/macquarie-s-nicholas-moore-gives-momentum-to-the-mosman-mansion-merry-go-round
  9. ^ http://www.domain.com.au/Property/For-Sale/House/NSW/Mosman/?adid=2010049116
  10. ^ http://www.domain.com.au/Property/For-Sale/House/NSW/Mosman/?adid=2010129129