Prairie School Houses in Australia


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Prairie School style architecture is usually marked by its integration with the surrounding landscape, horizontal lines, flat
or hipped roofs with broad eaves, windows assembled in horizontal bands, solid construction, craftsmanship, and restraint in the use of decoration.[1]



Revell, 9 Toorak Ave Toorak, architect Edward F. Billson
Revell, 9 Toorak Ave Toorak, architect Edward F. Billson

Heritage Overlay 9 Toorak Ave, Toorak, HO342
Heritage Overlay 9 Toorak Ave, Toorak, HO342

Coppins residence Pymble circa-1935
Coppins residence Pymble circa-1935

Prairie style houses often have a combination of these features:

  • One or two-story.
  • One-story projections.
  • Open floor plan.
  • Low-pitched roof.
  • Broad, overhanging eaves.
  • Strong horizontal lines.
  • Ribbons of windows, often casements emphasize horizontality of overall design.
  • Prominent, central chimney[2] .

Armadale's finest Prairie School Design!


Stonnington Council issues last-ditch heritage protection,

wiping estimated $2m off house’s value
Mrs Craig Dixon House, Armadale, Victoria. J. F. W. Ballantyne, architect. 1924
Mrs Craig Dixon House, Armadale, Victoria. J. F. W. Ballantyne, architect. 1924

A multimillion-dollar property has passed in at auction without a single bid after an eleventh-hour council heritage protection.
Issued just 48 hours before the auction, the draft heritage citation turned all prospective buyers away.
  • Industry sources say a heritage order could wipe as much as $2 million off the value of the house, set on a huge allotment in Melbourne’s leafy east.
  • The Stonnington Council letter, dated earlier this week, informed the vendors their property had been identified “as having significance and warranting heritage protection” because the architecture was influenced by the work of Walter Burley Griffin.
  • “This house is one of series of important designs by architect J F W Ballantyne, who played a key role in disseminating Griffin’s ideas,” the letter said.


Craig Dixon House, 23 Moorhouse Street Armadale VIC


  • J. F. W. Ballantyne, architect. 1924
Perhaps the finest house of the 1920s, and this includes Griffin's own work, was the Craig Dixon house of 1924, located at Moorhouse Street, Malvern
  • A masterful site plan placed entertainment to the rear and a single lane drive circumnavigated the site through the garage at the rear. The garage was free standing at the rear of the building lot but linked in form, material and detail to the house.
  • The rather symmetrical plan was boldly revealed in elevation by formal composition to the street. In proportion and employment of material, as well as planning, it was a truly excellent piece of residential design.
Original Mrs. Craig Dixon House, Malvern VIC
Original Mrs. Craig Dixon House, Malvern VIC

Craig Dixon House, 23 Moorhouse Street Armadale VIC
Craig Dixon House, 23 Moorhouse Street Armadale VIC

  • Sold on 28 Sep 2010 for $5,350,000

Impeccable style, Armadale Exclusivity


Benchmark perfection and sublime designer aesthetics highlight this magnificent fully renovated and extended 1930s 2-storey residence enjoying cul-de-sac seclusion abutting Armadale's renowned shopping district and leading schools.
you
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  • Stuart Rattle designed interiors and Paul Bangay gardens establish a superb sense of sanctuary for relaxed family living and refined celebrations from the American Oak parquetry to the banks of windows framing private garden spaces including a bluestone terrace with a solar and gas heated self-cleaning pool.
  • Beyond the entrance hall, a formal sitting room with a gas fireplace set within original 1930s surrounds is complemented by a glass-flanked open-plan living and dining precinct of superb proportions with French doors folding back to the landscaped bluestone courtyard with BBQ precinct and pool. Integrated into the space is a world class kitchen with huge Calcutta marble island bench, feature AGA stove and butler's panty.
  • A ground-floor office with American Oak fitted cabinetry and a guest 4th bedroom with ensuite further highlight the unmatched eye for detail and effortless luxury.
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The excellence continues upstairs with exceptional three bedroom accommodation and a children's rumpus room.
  • The luxurious master bedroom flows to a fitted dressing room and stunning ensuite with Italian Statuario marble finishes, freestanding bath and his and her vanities; while the two further bedrooms are served by an equally luxurious marble bathroom with a zoned toilet.

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Prairie Style in Australia


Prairie School Architecture in Australia
Prairie School Architecture in Australia
Table from :
Prairie School in Australia
City
Address
Pix
Structure
Architect
Date






AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRIRORY (A.C.T.)

Canberra
Master Plan
In April 1911 the Australian Government held an international competition to produce a design for Canberra, its new capital city. Griffin produced a design with impressive renderings of the plan produced by Mahony Griffin. They first heard about the competition in July, while on honeymoon, and worked feverishly to prepare the plans. On May 23, 1912, Griffin's design was selected as the winner from among 137 entries. This created significant press coverage at the time and brought him professional and public recognition.
Canberra Prelim Plan by WB Griffin 1913
Canberra Prelim Plan by WB Griffin 1913

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Walter Burley Griffin
1912
Duntroon
RMC Duntroon Shopping Precinct
Fraser Road Duntroon, ACT

Quartermaster's Store
erected in 1922-23 to modified specifications
Walter Burley Griffin
1917






VICTORIA

Brighton
54 New Street
52 New Street Brighton
52 New Street Brighton
G. J. Sutherland House
G. J. Sutherland

Heidelberg
Glenard Drive, et. al.
Around 1918 Walter Burley Griffin was commissioned to design an exclusive housing estate on the Mount Eagle land. The estate included the very latest town planning ideas with community parklands behind housing allotments, and winding streets, rather than the usual linear pattern. Both the Glenard and Mount Eagle Estates are characterized by streets that follow the topography of the land and importantly provide communal green spaces which conserve the indigenous flora; a first in urban planning in Australia.
Griffin's exclusive housing estate on the Mount Eagle land
Griffin's exclusive housing estate on the Mount Eagle land
Mount Eagle Community Plan
Walter Burley Griffin
1916
Heidelberg
21 Glenard Drive
State Library of Victoria
LIPPINCOTT HOUSE. 21 Glenard Drive. Heidelberg. Walter Burley Griffin. c.1915
LIPPINCOTT HOUSE. 21 Glenard Drive. Heidelberg. Walter Burley Griffin. c.1915
Roy A. Lippincott House
Griffin & Lippincott
1918
Heidelberg
23 Glenard Drive
State Library of Victoria
House. 23 Glenard Drive. Heidelberg. Walter Burley Griffin. 1915
House. 23 Glenard Drive. Heidelberg. Walter Burley Griffin. 1915
Walter B. Griffin House
Walter Burley Griffin
1919
Heidelberg
45 Outlook Drive
State Library of Victoria
Skipper House. 45 Outlook Drive. Eaglemont. (Heidelberg) Walter Burley Griffin. 1914.
Skipper House. 45 Outlook Drive. Eaglemont. (Heidelberg) Walter Burley Griffin. 1914.
L. Skipper House
Walter Burley Griffin
1921
Heidelberg
52 Darebin St. near Hawdon St.
National Library
Mr. Vaughan Griffin's segmental house at 52 Darebin Street, Heidelberg
Mr. Vaughan Griffin's segmental house at 52 Darebin Street, Heidelberg
Ethel M. (Vaughn) Griffin House
Walter Burley Griffin
1924
Caulfield,
45 Balaclava Rd. & Meadow St.
45 Balaclava Rd Caulfield, August 2000
45 Balaclava Rd Caulfield, August 2000
Margaret Armstrong House
E. F. Billson 1918-1919
1919
Fitzroy
167-169 Fitzroy Street
Joseph Lyddy Polish Manufacturers factory, 167-169 Fitzroy Street, FITZROY
Joseph Lyddy Polish Manufacturers factory, 167-169 Fitzroy Street, FITZROY
Joseph Liddy Polish Manufacturing Co.
Nicholls & Griffin
1922-23
Frankston
289 Nepean Highway, Olivers Hill
STOKESAY, 288-289 NEPEAN HIGHWAY SEAFORD, Frankston City
STOKESAY, 288-289 NEPEAN HIGHWAY SEAFORD, Frankston City
Arthur P. Onians House
J. W. F. Ballantyne
1921
Frankston
619 Nepean Hwy., Olivers Hill
Gumnuts Cottage is a one-roomed cottage designed by Walter Burley Griffin 1919. The small pyramidal structure was built as the prototype example of Griffin's patented Knitlock system

Gumnut Cottage 619 Nepean Road Frankston
Gumnut Cottage 619 Nepean Road Frankston
Twin Cottages
Walter Burley Griffin
1922
Hawthorn
Address unknown
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George Silcock House
E. F. Billson
1925
Hawthorn
88 Pleasant Road
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E. M. (or A. M.) Herborn House
E. M. Nicholls
1928-31
Healesville
Address unknown
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Dr. Carl Stephens House
J. W. F. Ballantyne
1926
Kew
33 Uvadale Grove
Beament House, Kew (danaesidh) by danaesidh (flickr)
Beament House, Kew (danaesidh) by danaesidh (flickr)
James Beament House
E. F. Billson
1924-25

Kew
34 Fellows Street
E. Healing House, 34 Fellows House, Kew
E. Healing House, 34 Fellows House, Kew
E. Healing House


Kew
500 High St, Kew VIC 3101
Kew Croquet Club
Kew Croquet Club
Kew Croquet Club

c. 1934
Malvern
23 Moorhouse Street
Original Mrs. Craig Dixon House, Malvern VIC
Original Mrs. Craig Dixon House, Malvern VIC

Mrs. Craig Dixon House
J. W. F. Ballantyne
1923
Malvern
Address unknown
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Mrs. G. F. Ballantyne House
J. W. F. Ballantyne
1924
Malvern
139 Manning Road
Jenkins House, 139 Manning Road Malvern
Jenkins House, 139 Manning Road Malvern
Jenkins House
Walter Burley Griffin

Melbourne
Swanston Street
Capitol Theatre Swanston Street Melbourne
Capitol Theatre Swanston Street Melbourne
Capitol Theatre
Walter Burley Griffin
1924
Moonee Ponds (Essendon)
5 Ophir Street
5 Ophir Street Moonee Ponds (Essendon)
5 Ophir Street Moonee Ponds (Essendon)
White House
Henry Pynor (attrib.)
1924
Mordialloc
White Street
Woodlands Golf Club House, Victoria by Billson and Lippincott
Woodlands Golf Club House, Victoria by Billson and Lippincott
Woodlands Golf Club House
E. F. Billson
1929
North Balwyn
18 Willis Street

House
E. F. Billson
1920
South Yarra
Address unknown

J. A. Gillespie House
J. W. F. Ballantyne
1926
Toorak
83 Clendon Road
83 Clendon Road Toorak
83 Clendon Road Toorak
Clendon Lodge for Mrs. Mary Williams
Walter Burley Griffin
1923
Toorak
16 Glyndebourne Avenue
Fellow architect Robin Boyd described the Salter House as being among “the finest house designs of the century” in his book Victorian Modern.
Fellow architect Robin Boyd described the Salter House as being among “the finest house designs of the century” in his book Victorian Modern.

Toorak house designed by Walter Burley Griffin heading to auction
Samantha Landy 17 MAY 2017

S. R. Salter House
Walter Burley Griffin
1923
Toorak
15-21 Rose Street
21 Rose St Toorak, N E Lawrence Row
21 Rose St Toorak, N E Lawrence Row
N. E. Laurence Row Houses
E. M. Nicholls (attrib.)
1927
Toorak
6 Stonehaven Court
6 Stonehaven Court, Toorak
6 Stonehaven Court, Toorak
Wallace H. Smith House
E. M. Nicholls
1928
Toorak
9 Toorak Avenue
9 Toorak Ave Toorak
9 Toorak Ave Toorak
House
E. F. Billson
c. 1937
Toorak
579 Toorak, corner Lansell Road
579 Toorak Road Toorak
579 Toorak Road Toorak
Mrs. Mary Williams House remodeling
Walter Burley Griffin
1930
Toorak
9 Toorak Avenue
Photo:
Photo:

Alfred Billson House
E. F. Billson
1918
Thornleigh
Address unknown

F. J. Smith House
Ray C. Smith

NEW SOUTH WALES







Walter Burley Griffin’s Sydney practice remained active for 23 years between 1914 and 1937, designing many significant public and private architectural projects and contributing to the quality of domestic and civic architecture in that city. Griffin himself left Sydney for India in 1935.



Castlecrag

Griffin's 1932 plan of the Castlecrag and Haven Estates.
Griffin's 1932 plan of the Castlecrag and Haven Estates.

Despite unsympathetic development, Castlecrag has retained much of its unique character. It remains a place of international interest for its vision and its achievement of town planning and building goals which are outside the ordinary. It reveals the Griffins as guiding figures who were quite passionately dedicated to the betterment of their fellows.

Castlecrag is unique not only for its planning but also for the substantial number of Griffin houses located in its streets. Fifteen houses were built to Griffin designs, ranging from the very modest GSDA No.1 Dwelling to the sophisticated Fishwick Residence.



Avalon
32 Plateau Road
32 Plateau Road Avalon Beach
32 Plateau Road Avalon Beach
Estelle James Residence
Walter Burley Griffin 1933

Castlecrag
8 The Parapet
8 The Parapet Castlecrag NSW
8 The Parapet Castlecrag NSW
Grant House
Walter Burley Griffin 1922

Castlecrag
12 The Parapet
Moon House, Castlecrag
Moon House, Castlecrag
Nicholls House (Lot 54)
Walter Burley Griffin 1922

Cremorne

House for Professor Van Der Ley by Walter Burley Griffin
House for Professor Van Der Ley by Walter Burley Griffin
Professor Van Der Ley
Walter Burley Griffin 1928

Griffith
Town Plan
Taking 'a modest estimate of 30,000 for the population', Griffin planned his city around a one and a half mile radius circle. Like Canberra, the urban design featured a distinctive radial pattern with wide tree-lined streets, ring-roads and parks. Griffin saw the focal point to be a grand circle, the centre of government administration, crowning the central hill.
Perspective for the City of Griffith by Walter Burley Griffin
Perspective for the City of Griffith by Walter Burley Griffin



Killara
34 Marion Street
Alan Cameron house ‘Inverness’, Killara, built 1933
Alan Cameron house ‘Inverness’, Killara, built 1933
Alan C (Ellis) Cameron Residence
Walter Burley Griffin 1932

Pymble
100 Mona Vale and Telegraph Roads
Coppins, Pymble (Eric Pratten Residence)
Coppins, Pymble (Eric Pratten Residence)
Eric Pratten Residence
Walter Burley Griffin 1934

Telopea
Redstone, 34 Adderton Road and Manson Street
Redstone is the Walter Burley Griffin-designed house built in 1935 for Edward and Greta Winter at Telopea
Redstone, 34 Adderton Road and Manson Street, Telopea
Redstone, 34 Adderton Road and Manson Street, Telopea
A (Edward) Winter Residence
Walter Burley Griffin 1935


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    www.prairieschoolarchitecture.com/
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            • www.antiquehome.org/Architectural-Style/prairie.htm