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Demand surges for period homes with decades of history
Updated heritage properties are one of the most popular housing types on the north shore — but vendors are reluctant to let them go.
  • Local real estate agents said period homes that have been sympathetically renovated with floorplans that accommodate modern lifestyles are in strong demand.
  • McGrath Lane Cove’s Brent Courtney said the main appeal of a heritage home was the tradesmanship and “timeless” quality. Read more:

Merildene, 2 Rose Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067
Merildene, 2 Rose Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067

Merildene, 2 Rose Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067
Merildene, 2 Rose Street, Chatswood, NSW 2067

Amberley House, 10 Beppo Street, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Amberley House, 10 Beppo Street, Goulburn, NSW 2580

Amberley House, 10 Beppo Street, Goulburn, NSW 2580
Amberley House, 10 Beppo Street, Goulburn, NSW 2580
These beautiful heritage buildings are works of Art. They are known by their own names, and are mixed media masterpieces often with fancy brickwork, fine tiling, polished floorboards, with at best, parquetry flooring, with complex skilled joinery, and artistic embellishments such as ornate ceilings and beautiful artisan lead light windows, with a valued heritage.


Federation Arts and Crafts Record-setter back on market

The Crossways is set to hit the market with a $15.5 million price guide.
The Crossways is set to hit the market with a $15.5 million price guide.

In Centennial Park, the Federation Arts and Crafts mansion Crossways is lining up for Spring, with a $15.5 million guide;
  • Set parkside on dress-circle Martin Road, it was built in 1908 for surgeon Dr Gordon Craig and designed by architectural firm Waterhouse and Lake.
  • In the 1990s, architect Espie Dods undertook a renovation on behalf of former McGuigan Wines director James Smiley and his wife, Jane.
The seven-bedroom residence set a suburb record when it last sold in 2006 to Louise Zavattaro for $10 million, although techie billionaire Mike Cannon-Brookes topped that in 2015 when he bought his Braelin for $12 million. Read More at Domain.com:


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Need Inspiration?Inspect these: Annesley, Mt Lawley, Rilworth, Darling Point, Cremorne, Hamilton Hill, Mount Macedon Gardens, Mount Macedon VIC, Trophy Homes, Three Federation Beauties, Peppermint Grove, (Perth): 62 Leake Street, Peppermint Grove WA 6011

Cremorne, Hamilton Hill
Cremorne, Hamilton Hill

learn more: Video Tours of Federation and Heritage Homes;
Recent Posts: Character Homes, Annesley, Mt Lawley, Rilworth, Darling Point, Cremorne, Hamilton Hill,
Mount Macedon Gardens, Mount Macedon VIC, Trophy Homes, Three Federation Beauties, Plantation Style,
Others: Why buy Federation style?, Art Nouveau Homes (updated), Gothic Queen Anne Style

Linked Wikipedia articles: Heritage Gardens in Australia, ‎List of historic homesteads in Australia

Which Federation Style?





Federation Queen Anne Style
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Federation Filigree Style
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Federation Arts and Crafts
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Federation Bungalow
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Quick Picks: Federation Houses Open for Inspection, Desirable Features, Classic Federation Features, Federation Excellence


What is happening to Tasmanian Heritage?

Tasmanian Heritage - mass deletions from the Tasmanian Heritage Register - read the story here

National Trust Tasmanian Heritage Registers - view the work in progress here



A Brighton Beach Federation property, currently on the market. Photo: Hodges Brighton
A Brighton Beach Federation property, currently on the market. Photo: Hodges Brighton

The enduring appeal of Australian Federation architecture
external image jennyheadshot-150x150.jpgJenny Brown
Domain Reporter
9 May 2016
"Federation housing (1888-1919) comes in a variety of sizes – including semi-detached– and in a couple of sub-groups, such as Arts and Crafts, which heritage architect Ian Stapleton of Sydney’s Clive Lucas, Stapleton and Partners, explains as being “usually architect-designed rather than builder-designed”.

  • "He explains this gracious residential typology that combines the qualities of British Queen Anne Revival and American Stick Style as “something terrific, because apart from Colonial, it was an Australian type of architecture”.
  • "Sometimes called “Edwardian”, the best examples of the turn-of-the-20th century type are generally found in the leafy or garden suburbs that surround the more densely-subdivided Victorian belts of capital cities and regional centres. They also appear singly on farms where the early 1900s wool checks were famously generous."
  • "Another characteristic of detached Federation houses is they are often set on large allotments. In Sydney, they’re in suburbs like Haberfield, Mosman, Neutral Bay, Burwood and Centennial Park.
  • "In Melbourne you find them in the inner east and south east."
  • "In Brisbane they are in the western suburbs and the wealthy riverside areas."

Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. (jump to article)

Recommended books:

Click picture or link to find in a bookshop:
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external image shopping?q=tbn:ANd9GcQYFLHlSn8moFNrAm5HYxk2S-SQB56EprpQRFvHcK_eXv1UX3OSr8eH0k-xrurBkjXxzf3NVgn7&usqp=CAE
Shop forTHE FEDERATION HOUSE on Google
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Getting the Details Right
Ian Evans
Towards the Dawn .
Federation Architecture in Australia 1890-1915,
by Trevor Howells and Michael Nicholson,
The Federation House:
Australia's Own Style,
by Hugh Fraser
2nd edition, 2002
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian
3rd edition, 2004
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1992
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1999
Restoring Australian Houses
Ian Evans
Getting the Details Right: Restoring Australian Houses 1890s-1920s

Previous Posts:

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Leura, Bellevue Hill

Architect Walter Liberty Vernon
Alba Longa,
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Recent Posts:

see also : "In the News":

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Federation Fame

Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.
Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.

Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m
Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m



Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD.
There are significant differences:

From Australian Stories Australian architecture:
  • "The ornate Federation house, built mainly between 1900 and 1914, was a sign of prosperity - an Australian version of the English Edwardian house.
  • Federation houses were detached, with gardens, and with Australian motifs and a roof of terracotta tiles with detailed fretwork in the roof gables and windows.
  • Many houses had a sunrise motif in the front gable as a sign of the dawning of a new century.
  • Add-ons and renovations with heritage restraints were a constant experience of living in a federation house.
  • By the First World War (1914-1918), there was a shortage of tradesmen and materials. The cost of houses had to be reduced, so the ceilings were lowered to create 'bungalows', houses which were built between 1915 and 1940. Gone was most of the detail, and a plainer style lead lighting was put into the front windows."


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Blackwood House in Melbourne by Butler and Ussher in 1891
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Sam Hood (1872-1953), Family with car &
Queenslander house, 1920's.

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Federation house in Cairns, 1914.
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Redleaf House, Wahroonga
Sydney, 1899 by Howard Joseland

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Dining Room with Fretwork ArchWestholme, Water Street, Wahroonga 1894 by Howard Joseland
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Living room with timber trim, ceilingWestholme, Water Street, Wahroonga 1894 by Howard Joseland
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Fireplace in the Camellia room, Mananga, Berry NSW 1894 by Howard Joseland
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Cast iron restored bath in en suite, Mananga, Berry NSW 1894 by Howard Joseland

Picturesque and eye catching houses

Federation-style houses constitute a unique statement of patriotism since Federation details used Australia's remarkable flora and fauna.
"For the first time, the flowers, birds and animals of the bush were used to decorate plaster, pressed metal, glass, terracotta and fretworked timber. ." Ian Evans "
  • Decorative features such as gables and motifs adorn the roofs of the property.
  • The rising sun emblem that appeared on countless gable ends symbolised the dawn of a new age for Australia and was itself adopted as a national symbol
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Leadlight windows are also a common feature and as a result, Federation houses are often very picturesque and eye catching." - Archicentre - see below
  • These rambling homes are regarded as the first design style that embraced the outdoor lifestyle. Blocks were deep to allow for homegrown food cultivation.

Since I live in a Sydney suburb with a rich heritage of these houses, I hope to document the details of these and similar houses in these pages. Eventually I hope this site will be a definitive source of Federation decorative detail.
  • Anyone with similar interests is very welcome to contribute to this topic.
  • You can leave comments on my blog Federation Details. To comment here you need to join this Wiki, please.

Federation Features

The features of Federation style architecture include:
  1. Red brick walls of a deep red or dark brown brick, often with a mix of the two
  2. Exposed rafter ends visible under roofs, a characteristic usually visible, not obscured by gutters
  3. Some times the mortar is 'tuck-pointed" to make a ridge of white mortar running along the joints between the bricks.
  4. Dominant roofs,
    often broken by false gables and capped by terracotta frilled ridges and motifs decorating the exterior of the property.
    8c527c9d-b57a-4ea7-9f80-3ecdbfd814ea.jpeg
    Lenoma, (Federation Queen Anne style) 7 Chrystobel Crescent, Hawthorn
  5. Ttimber verandah columns supplemented by elaborate timber decoration, often in art nouveau style -
    "Federation homes are known for their often exuberant timber ornamental decorations.
    Friezes fretwork, balustrades, art nouveau style swirled brackets and arch supports are all common." - Manly Council
  6. Bay windows with shingles, or in large buildings, oriels on upper floors
  7. Leadlight window panes or a set of small coloured glass windows above the main window set.
  8. Low picket fences usually painted white or cream
  9. Large decorative ceilings often of pressed metal or with decorative cornices
  10. Minimal gardens with hedges.
  11. Australiana decorative detail
  12. Outdoor toilets in un-renovated houses
Keep reading... next page: Four Federation Housing styles or below, Federation Style advice

Federation Domestic features:

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A common Federation design designed by builders of the period

Image courtesy Manly Council NSW
FederationHouse.jpg
HABERFIELD - THE GARDEN SUBURBWHEN Sunday 5 MayTIME 1:30-4pmCOST $10 | Bookings EssentialCONTACT 0412707898 | vacrow@hotmail.comAddress - To be given upon booking.The event will be postponed if there is rain. The creation of the suburb of Haberfield in 1901 was a milestone for the local community, in that it transformed residential development there from a 19th century model to that of a Garden Suburb. This was a milestone for the national community as Haberfield became Australia’s first planned Garden Suburb ‘establishing a model for Australia’s suburban development in the 20th century’. This walking tour will include houses open for inspection, tour notes and afternoon tea