There are mainly four Federation Housing Styles:

With thanks to Wikipedia: Federation architecture
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Federation Architecture Guidelines


Federation Queen Anne style;

caerleon25_wideweb__470x269,0.jpg
Caerleon, Bellevue Hill NSW

TV Star: Camelot  at Camden
TV Star: Camelot at Camden

Fed-Queen-Anne.gifThe Federation Queen Anne style was designed to embrace the outdoor lifestyles of the Australian people.
  • The English "Queen Anne" style embraced red brick, white-painted sash windows, gables, small window panes, steep roofs and bay windows, mixed 'with skill and gaiety' (from "Sweetness and Light, the Queen Anne Movement")
  • Most homes have front verandas with decorative timber features,
  • tiling on the patio floor and entry paths.
  • The brickwork is usually a deep red or dark brown, often with a mix of the two.
  • Window designs include oriels or bay windows, and small panes above main windows, with window timbers painted white
  • The roofs are typically terracotta tiles with decorative gables, motifs, timber features, tall chimneys and fretwork.
  • Decorative leadlight windows are also common, as are circular windows (known as bulls-eye windows).
  • Federation homes also have decorative internal features in the plasterwork, high ceilings and timber features.


Federation Filigree style;

A Queenslander style house in New Farm. Photo taken by User:Adz on 8 October 2005.
A Queenslander style house in New Farm. Photo taken by User:Adz on 8 October 2005.

Derry, Neutral Bay, where May Gibbs lived for a time before she lived at Nutcote
Derry, Neutral Bay, where May Gibbs lived for a time before she lived at Nutcote

grand_Hotel-filigree.htm
grand_Hotel-filigree.htm

The Federation Filigree style is common in the hotter parts of Australia, especially in the north, since it is designed to create shade while allowing for the free flow of air.

Federation Arts and Craft style;

1waterst12_01.jpg
'Westholme' c1894

'St Ellero' 5 Appian Way Burwood, NSW
'St Ellero' 5 Appian Way Burwood, NSW

Babworth House 1915, Darling Point
Babworth House 1915, Darling Point


The Federation Arts and Craft style had its origins in England, where architects were reacting to the impersonal nature of the Industrial Revolution.

Crafts and handiwork were emphasised to give architecture the "human touch".
  • 'Mounterry' 318 Burwood Road, Appian Way Estate
    'Mounterry' 318 Burwood Road, Appian Way Estate
    These influences were absorbed into Federation Australia, where the resulting buildings were
    'Erica',  21 Appian Way Burwood
    'Erica', 21 Appian Way Burwood
    generally small-scale to medium-scale and predominantly residential.

  • Outstanding examples are Glyn, Kooyong road, Toorak, Victoria; The Crossways, Martin Road, Centennial Park, New South Wales; and Erica, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales.

and

Federation Bungalow style.

Rathmore_tn.jpg
Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0129.jpg
Casa_Tasso,_Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0127.jpg
Federation Bungalow, Rathmore, Rokeby,
Camberwell VIC built 1891
Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Casa Tasso, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
'Cassa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood NSW
'Cassa Tasso' 14 Appian Way Burwood NSW

The Federation Bungalow style was the Australian response to the bungalow style that was developed in America by people like Gustav Stickley.(Gustav Stickley was a furniture manufacturer, design leader, publisher and the chief proselytizer for the American Craftsman style, an extension of the British Arts and Crafts Movement).
  • Fed-Bungalow.gif
    Torcello' 310 Burwood Rd Burwood
    The Federation Bungalow can be seen as a transition phase between the Federation Queen Anne style and the California Bungalow style that took on later.

  • Stylistically, it exploited the qualities of the bungalow while frequently retaining the flair and idiosyncrisies of the Queen Anne style, although usually in simplified form.
  • Outstanding examples are Nee Morna, Nepean Highway, Sorrento, Victoria; Blythewood, Beecroft Road, Cheltenham New South Wales; and The Eyrie, Fox Valley Road, Wahroonga, New South Wales.

However altogether twelve different Federation architecture styles have been identified by ArchiCentre

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