Federation coloured glass

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Gothic influence on Coloured Glass

  • Circular Windows

Chartres Cathedral Rose Window (above)
Chartres Cathedral Rose Window (above)

Symbolism- the north rose of Notre Dame, Paris
Symbolism- the north rose of Notre Dame, Paris

'Bullseye' leadlight window at 23 Drummoyne Avenue, Drummoyne
'Bullseye' leadlight window at 23 Drummoyne Avenue, Drummoyne


  • Coloured Glass paned window sets

Inside the Chartres Cathedral, France
Inside the Chartres Cathedral, France

Small coloured glass panels in the upper window transoms are typical Federation features
Small coloured glass panels in the upper window transoms are typical Federation features



  • Leadlight glass
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Haberfield leadlight door and windows


(Left)The windows of the choir of Cologne Cathedral, (early 14th century)
(Right) Crucifixion with Ss Catherine, George and Margaret, Leechkirche, Graz, Austria

Coloured Glass paned window sets

Pair Of Backlit Gothic Stained Glass windows
Pair Of Backlit Gothic Stained Glass windows

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Coloured glass sash windows

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Coloured Patterned Glass Verandah window


Leadlight entrance halls were a common feature of the Federation period
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Bullseye Leadlight window

  • Ornately patterned Leadlight windows were made in casement style, which open out along the vertical axis.
  • These Lead Light windows were hand made by skilled craftsmen
  • Styles could range from floral with Art Nouveau influences to a simple geometric pattern.
  • Also popular were simple groupings of 3 or 4 casement windows in a single line.
  • Federation Casement sets often included Transom lights, the smaller window above the main casement.
  • These Transom lights were very often fitted with coloured moulded patterned glass. - Terrace House Factory
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Haberfield leadlight door and windows

What is a leadlight panel ?
A leadlight panel is comprised of a design of glass pieces held together in a framework of lead came. Leadlight is made using either clear or coloured glass, which can be flat or of various textures. Leadlight is thought to have come into being in Roman times, when only very small pieces of glass could be produced; the process of using metal bars to hold the glass pieces together enabled a larger area to be covered, for example in a window opening.

When some of the glass pieces are hand painted and fired in a kiln, then it is called stained glass, even though the leading process holding the pieces of glass together is the same. However larger pieces of painted glass tend to occur in stained glass, where definition can be provided by light and shade in the painting process.

This is not the case in leadlight, where each individual shape needs to be defined by lead. The process of leadlighting involves first drawing a pattern, called a cartoon; then individual glass pieces are cut from this cartoon, and leaded together. Each lead join is soldered, to hold the framework together. The panel is puttied to give it strength and to make it weatherproof ; cleaned ; and often the lead is blackened to give a uniform finish to the lead and solder joins.

What makes a well-constructed leadlight panel ?
A well constructed leadlight panel should be firm to the touch, and should not rattle. Lead lines and joins are smooth, and there are no ragged glass edges visible under the edges of the lead, nor any chips out of the glass along the lead lines. The solder joins should be smooth and flat, not lumpy and not particularly noticeable. Straight lines should be straight, and circular and oval shapes even. The panel should be fully puttied to make it weatherproof and strong.
- http://www.agdavic.com.au/Architectural-Glass/Leadlight/What-is-Leadlight-.asp

Prior to World War I, in domestic architecture, the front entrance remained the focus for decorative leadlighting. It was also commonly used for stair-well windows.
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Coloured glass sash windows

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Plain Transom windows

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Art Deco (interwar) Casement Windows

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Coloured Transom windows

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Coloured Patterned Glass Verandah window
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Rosebery Casements

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Randwick side windows

-from
http://www.austainedglass.com/content/federation
Federation leadlight designs express Australian's Edwardian sentiments.
  • They contain symbols of Empire and Dominion such as roses, lilies, thistles, as well as waratahs, flannel flowers, and other indigenous flora and fauna.
  • With the emergence of Australian Nationalism, kookaburras, currawongs and the occasional larrikin cockatoo quickly displaced the delicately painted robins, finches and similar European birds and flowers most often seen in Victorian windows.
//Read more//
Australia Street Stained Glass by glazier Patrick Leniston.
Australia Street Stained Glass by glazier Patrick Leniston.

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