Federation Bungalow style

[previous page: Federation Arts and Crafts next page: Federation Gables]
See also
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney


The Bungalow style was usually a single-storey house with a prominent veranda, especially with the roof covering the veranda.

"The developer Richard Stanton first introduced the American style bungalow to Sydney in 1906 and by 1912 this new type of compact servantless house was being erected across Sydney by speculative builders." - See Haberfield, the Garden Suburb

  • "The influence of the carefully crafted Californian Bungalows can be seen in the work of architects who had worked and travelled in America, particularly Alexander Stuart Jolly and James Peddle.
  • The more geometric Chicago Style was introduced to Sydney by the Griffins.
  • By 1915 the bungalow was being promoted as **the ideal home**, in contrast to the terrace house form popular in the nineteenth century. (e.g. "Bring Back Bungalows")
    Scott Robertson
    Scott Robertson
  • In the years immediately after World War I, an Australian variant of the bungalow emerged, a brick house with the characteristic series of low gables. See Beecroft Federation Heritage
  • In country towns a different palette of materials were used, timber or timber combined with fibrous cement sheeting.
  • By the 1930s the popularity of the bungalow was declining." - Scott Robertson, HHT 2012 talk


The Federation Bungalow style was the Australian response to the bungalow style that was developed in America by people like Gustav Stickley. (Gustav Stickley was a furniture manufacturer, design leader, publisher and the chief proselytizer for the American Craftsman style, an extension of the British Arts and Crafts movement. Wikipedia)
Key characteristics of Federation Bungalows.jpg
(from Housing styles in the town of Vincent, W.A.)

Definitive Examples of Federation Bungalows

Below from Wikipedia on Australian residential architectural styles
Rathmore_tn.jpg
Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0129.jpg
Casa_Tasso,_Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0127.jpg
Federation Bungalow, Rathmore, Rokeby,
Camberwell VIC built 1891
Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Casa Tasso, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Federation_Bungalow_SydneyBuilding0130.jpg
Ostia,_Appian_Way,_Burwood_SydneyBuilding0128.jpg
Federation_Bungalow_SydneyBuilding0161.jpg
'Amalfi' 2 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
'Ostia' 16 Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales

This guide courtesy City of Bayswater "Character Protection Area No 1"

Dominant Characteristics of Federation Bungalows

These definitive examples of the Federation Bungalow style share the qualities of
  • single story buildings, with high ceilings, without a separate verandah gable
    Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
    Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
  • wide, without stucco masonry columns (characteristic of inter-war bungalow)
  • casement front windows,
  • chimneys
  • homely simplicity, robust honesty.
  • usually minimal timber detailing (except this filigree example!)
  • outdoor toilets and laundry

The Federation Bungalow style can be regarded as a transition between the Federation Queen Anne and the Inter-War California Bungalow
  • These bungalows lost the picturesque complexities of the Queen Anne style and
  • do not display their structural carpentry as much as the Californian Bungalow.
  • Good description of the Australian Californian Bungalow

City of Cockburn Architectural Style Information Brochure:
1890-1915 Federation Bungalow houses have many of these features:Federation Bungalow features.jpg
  • Single Storey, Ground Hugging,
  • Commodious verandahs
  • Use of ‘natural’ materials
  • Simple massing of forms
  • Traditional brick or stud-framed baring wall
  • Timber roof construction and detailing
  • Detailed high quality finishes within front rooms
  • Ceiling mouldings, Moulded architraves
  • Stucco detailing
  • Multi-paned and coloured casement or sliding sash windows
  • Gable ends ornamented with roughcast and battens painted in dark colours
  • Roofs covered with terracotta tiles
  • Turned timber or cast iron columns and balustrades
  • Roughcast walling
  • Masonary verandah piers, sandstone in the Sydney area, with turned timber verandah posts
Federation_Bungalow_Style.gif

Gallery

Federation bungalows in Australia often vary quite widely from one another in appearance, and below here are ten very different examples, showing
  1. Filigree,
  2. Simplicity, and
  3. Queen Anne styles.

1. Filigree Bungalows

Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales  example of Queen Anne Bungalow
Bodiam, Harrow Road, Bexley, New South Wales example of Queen Anne Bungalow

Queensland Filigree Bungalow
Queensland Filigree Bungalow

Edwardian style house in Heidelberg, Victoria - example of filigree bungalow
Edwardian style house in Heidelberg, Victoria - example of filigree bungalow


2. Simple Bungalow Cottages

Bungalow,_Shaftsbury_Road,_Burwood_Bungalow667.JPG
Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood

Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales

Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales
Home, Appian Way, Burwood, New South Wales

3. Queen Anne Bungalows

Arundel_SydneyBuilding0159.jpg
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
Federation Bungalow Home, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney

California Bungalow

Inter-War (Californian) Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood
Inter-War (Californian) Bungalow, Shaftsbury Road, Burwood


W.A. Heritage Guidelines for Federation Bungalows

City of Cockburn, W.A.

external image Cockburn%2520Federation%2520Bungalow1.jpg
external image Cockburn%2520Federation%2520Bungalow2.jpg
From:
http://www.cockburn.wa.gov.au/documents/CouncilServices/CityDevlpmt/Heritage/Federation_Bungalow.pdf.pdf

City of Vincent, W.A.

external image Vincent%2520Federation%2520Bungalow1.jpg
external image Vincent%2520Federation%2520Bungalow2.jpg
From:
http://www.vincentheritage.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/CS132_Federation_02a.pdf

Federation Bungalow, Burwood, New South Wales