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Woolwich Federation trophy home 'Vailele' sold for about $23 million
Woolwich Federation trophy home 'Vailele' sold for about $23 million

Talana is the most elaborate Queen Anne residence in Melbourne
Historic Talana, 1 Harcourt Street, Hawthorn East VIC 3123
Historic Talana, 1 Harcourt Street, Hawthorn East VIC 3123

Historic Talana, 1 Harcourt Street, Hawthorn East VIC 3123
Historic Talana, 1 Harcourt Street, Hawthorn East VIC 3123

These beautiful heritage buildings are works of Art. They are known by their own names, and are mixed media masterpieces often with fancy brickwork, fine tiling, polished floorboards, with at best, parquetry flooring, with complex skilled joinery, and artistic embellishments such as ornate ceilings and beautiful artisan lead light windows, with a valued heritage.

Andrews government urged to fund heritage protection to stop mansion demolition

Domain: Jun 3, 2017 by Kirsten Robb Senior Journalist

Pressure is mounting on the Victorian state government to take a city-wide approach to heritage protection, following community outrage at a string of high-profile mansion demolitions in Melbourne’s leafy eastern suburbs. Read more...

Latest Posts: Vailele, Woolwich NSW, Taroona, Peppermint Grove, Bonnington, Bellevue Hill, Ardagh, Mosman Merchant Mansion, Toorak Mansions, Federation Styles Timeline 1885-1900, Talana, Hawthorn East, Character Houses
Two new Indexes: Index of all Homes, Timeline Index of Homes
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Linked Wikipedia articles: Heritage Gardens in Australia, ‎List of historic homesteads in Australia

Cremorne, Hamilton Hill
Cremorne, Hamilton Hill

learn more: Video Tours of Federation and Heritage Homes;
Recent Posts: Character Homes, Annesley, Mt Lawley, Rilworth, Darling Point, Cremorne, Hamilton Hill,
Mount Macedon Gardens, Mount Macedon VIC, Trophy Homes, Three Federation Beauties, Plantation Style,
Others: Why buy Federation style?, Art Nouveau Homes (updated), Gothic Queen Anne Style
Which Federation Style?

Federation Queen Anne Style
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Federation Filigree Style
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Federation Arts and Crafts
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Federation Bungalow
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Quick Picks: Federation Houses Open for Inspection, Desirable Features, Classic Federation Features, Federation Excellence

What is happening to Tasmanian Heritage?

Tasmanian Heritage - mass deletions from the Tasmanian Heritage Register - read the story here

National Trust Tasmanian Heritage Registers - view the work in progress here

A Brighton Beach Federation property, currently on the market. Photo: Hodges Brighton
A Brighton Beach Federation property, currently on the market. Photo: Hodges Brighton

The enduring appeal of Australian Federation architecture
external image jennyheadshot-150x150.jpgJenny Brown
Domain Reporter
9 May 2016
"Federation housing (1888-1919) comes in a variety of sizes – including semi-detached– and in a couple of sub-groups, such as Arts and Crafts, which heritage architect Ian Stapleton of Sydney’s Clive Lucas, Stapleton and Partners, explains as being “usually architect-designed rather than builder-designed”.

  • "He explains this gracious residential typology that combines the qualities of British Queen Anne Revival and American Stick Style as “something terrific, because apart from Colonial, it was an Australian type of architecture”.
  • "Sometimes called “Edwardian”, the best examples of the turn-of-the-20th century type are generally found in the leafy or garden suburbs that surround the more densely-subdivided Victorian belts of capital cities and regional centres. They also appear singly on farms where the early 1900s wool checks were famously generous."
  • "Another characteristic of detached Federation houses is they are often set on large allotments. In Sydney, they’re in suburbs like Haberfield, Mosman, Neutral Bay, Burwood and Centennial Park.
  • "In Melbourne you find them in the inner east and south east."
  • "In Brisbane they are in the western suburbs and the wealthy riverside areas."

Federation Homes Open for Inspection:

De Beer House by Harold Desbrowe-Annear, 71 Barkly Street St Kilda Vic 3182

De Beer House by Harold Desbrowe-Annear, St Kilda VIC
De Beer House by Harold Desbrowe-Annear, St Kilda VIC
THIS unique, five-bedroom abode has the special status of being architecturally designed and historically significant.

Known as De Beer House, the home at 71 Barkly St, St Kilda, was designed by one of Melbourne’s most celebrated architects, Harold Desbrowe-Annear in the Arts and Crafts Style.
Having occupied its 436sq m plot for more than 100 years, the home celebrates an interpretation of the English arts and crafts movement adapted to the Australian environment, according to architect Richard Peterson.
An Asian-inspired grotto adorns the front, while a sunken entertaining area enveloped by a lush canopy features at the rear.
The ground floor includes formal and open-plan living spaces. Towards the front of the home there are separate dining and sitting rooms, with a formal loungeroom in the middle. All include stunning period details including open fireplaces, casement windows and pressed ceilings.
  • Listing - Auction: Sat 04-Mar-17 1:30PM

Tyneside, 7 Sale Street, Orange NSW

Tyneside, 15 Sale Street, Orange NSW
Tyneside, 15 Sale Street, Orange NSW
One of Orange's finest properties, historic Tyneside, Orange CBD up for sale
Tipped to join the rare million dollar club, Tyneside, built in 1899, is up for sale for the first time in 45 years.
“Tyneside is unique with its CBD location, Federation style, a house that has great character and is on a big [2100 square metre] block. “It is a very big place. When the kids were growing up they could do laps around the garden.”
Many of the 20 people keen on 15 Sale Street are from Sydney.
“It seems to be mainly Sydney and Brisbane money. A lot of them are in the medical fraternity in some way.“They have the money to buy what they want.”

Owner Bob Garvin said he bought Tyneside in 1972. Set among beautiful established gardens with in-ground swimming pool the home has four bedrooms, two bathrooms, formal sitting & dining rooms, plus open plan kitchen and informal living area.
In addition to bathrooms renovated with South African marble, heated flooring and handmade joinery, the home features gas central heating, security system, and many original architectural features such as high ceilings, open fire places with marble surrounds and floor to ceiling windows.
The gardens of "Tyneside" provide unparalleled ambience for family living with mature ornamental trees, lawns and an in-ground swimming pool.

Glasslyn, 10 Cross Street Mosman NSW

Glasslyn, 10 Cross Street Mosman NSW
Glasslyn, 10 Cross Street Mosman NSW
Perched at the highest point in Mosman you find the stately federation residence ‘Glasslyn’, private from the street with grand circular driveway set amongst beautiful established landscaped gardens.
With more than generous proportions throughout the home, you will discover high patterned ceilings, lead light windows, grand fireplaces and glowing polished wood floors.
Read more in Domain.com.au
Price Guide: $16 million to $17.5 million

Lasswade, Former Florence Nightingale Home, 3 Lasswade Avenue, Sandy Bay

3 Lasswade Avenue, Sandy Bay
3 Lasswade Avenue, Sandy Bay
Dating from 1900 this wonderful residence offers an eclectic mix of elegance, charm, character and modernity.

Built on a grand scale, with an overall area of 436 sqm approximately, it has a marvellous history including once being used as the Florence Nightingale Home.
Now a beautiful family home it still exhibits most of its heritage features.
  • A semi-circular driveway leads to the front door with its freestone surrounds and colourful lead light windows.
  • Kauri pine floors and an arched hallway welcome one inside and lead to the formal drawing room with lofty ceilings, a bay window with water views and beautiful Tasmanian oak architraves.
  • A formal dining room opens to a broad, semi-enclosed verandah. The nearby kitchen/family room shows contemporary flair with its tiled floors, black granite bench tops and rich Jarrah joinery and opens to a sunny, courtyard/entertaining area.
  • Powder room, large study, laundry and utility room and a beautiful timber staircase winds its way upstairs to 5 huge bedrooms, an ensuite and a main spa bathroom and splendid river views and glimpses of Mt Wellington.

198 Grey Street West Albany WA 6330

198 Grey Street West Albany WA 6330
198 Grey Street West Albany WA 6330
The Historic White House
This house is an outstanding example of a large Federation Queen Anne Style residence and has considerable aesthetic, historical and heritage significance. The term Queen Anne refers to an English revival of interest in the red brick architecture of the late 17th century which had been influenced by Flemish vernacular brought during the reign of William and Mary of Orange and Marys sister Queen Anne.
Thought to have been built in the 1880s the White House has been home to several prominent familys in Albany history including the McKenzies, shipping magnates, William Finlay Albanys first mayor and Mr Robert Robinson a prominent lawyer in the 1890s.
This five bedroom mansion has all the classic features of yesteryear and is ready for the new owner to bring it a new life while keeping all the elegance of the era and re-establishing the property as Albanys pre-eminent residence.
The White House is set on two titles comprising of 3261 squares metres of land, has sensational views over the port and Princess Royal Harbour, and is walking distance to the city.

Unalla, 5 View Street, Peppermint Grove WA 6011

Unalla,5 View Street, Peppermint Grove.
Unalla,5 View Street, Peppermint Grove.

Beautiful Federation Queen Anne-styled Unalla – home to Western Australia’s doyenne suffragette Bessie Rischbieth – is on the market for only the second time in its 113-year history.

  • Unalla, built in 1903 by dynamic South Australian entrepreneurs Bessie and Henry Wills Rischbieth, is the last remaining mansion-sized estate in the exclusive Perth suburb of Peppermint Grove.
It is a striking home that exudes historical significance.
  • The unique cachet of property in Peppermint Grove has never waned and, to this day, the suburb is one of the most prestigious, desirable and tightly held residential addresses in Australia.
  • Prominent Perth family names and some superb original residences from those early days remain, although many of the major landholdings have been subdivided over the years. Read more at domain.com. Our page: "Unalla..."; The Listing...

Harelands circa 1903, 5 Willsmere Road Kew Vic 3101

5 Willsmere Road, Kew, Vic
5 Willsmere Road, Kew, Vic

The grand Federation mansion Harelands in Kew has been listed with $12 million to $15 million hopes.
Listed through Prue Jones of RT Edgar Hawthorn, 5 Willsmere Road was designed by leading architectural firm Ussher and Kemp and has 11 bedrooms and six bathrooms.
Entry is via a regal reception hall and the lower level features a drawing room with oak panelled ceiling, a verandah running round the house, a rumpus room and a wine cellar.
  • Built around 1903 for a family with four sons, it was taken over in the 1950s by Melbourne Legacy as a children's hostel.
  • Saved from developers in the 1980's, it has since been restored and used as a home and a surgery by its doctor owner.
  • The home last traded for $539,000 in 1985. (Property Observer 20 MAY 2016)

The Gables, 1 Cedar Court Sandy Bay Tas 7005

seeking offers over $2million
1 Cedar Court, Sandy Bay
1 Cedar Court, Sandy Bay

An exquisite example of the late Queen Anne Revival style;
Indicative Place on the Register of the National Estate
The Gables, designed by Architect Chris Cowper (Melbourne) and constructed in 1911. is one of few examples of the Federation Queen style in Hobart; particularly substantial and rich in adhering to the characteristics of the style. It is one of the most extensive surviving developments, and provides a significant contribution to the style in Hobart.
Features inherent of the style and inclusive of this example are: an asymmetrical complex roof structure, which is noted in the three prominent offset gables of steep pitch which give it a vague Tudor feeling and terracotta roof tiles with ridge and apex ornament. The Gables has a half-timbered effect above the bay windows in combination with stucco in the gable ends. The timber work is scalloped and painted green.

Claremont 13 Claremont Street, Launceston Tas.

Read more about this house at Launceston's Notable Federation Houses

Built in 1843 with later ornate Federation remodelling and Arts and Crafts treatment by Gunns builders.
Claremont circa 1843 is a prized jewel! It has fine Art Nouveau detailing and a grand staircase.
"The house is significant for the quality of its Federation period additions by Gunns, added to dramatically at the turn of the century."

Also Open for Inspection:

12 Elystan Road, New Farm QLD 4005
12 Elystan Road, New Farm QLD 4005

4 Wedderburn Place, Ascot WA
4 Wedderburn Place, Ascot WA

191 George Street, Launceston
191 George Street, Launceston
Lot 4 Fleet Street, Branxton
Lot 4 Fleet Street, Branxton

  • in Queensland
  1. 12 Elystan Road, New Farm QLD 4005 Sold
    in W.A.
  2. Unalla, 5 View Street, Peppermint Grove WA 6011 - Contact Agent
  3. Invercloy, 4 Wedderburn Place, Ascot WA 6104 - "ready to be returned to its former glory" - asking $899,000 - Sold
  4. 198 Grey Street West, Albany WA 6330 asking $2,500,000

    • in South Australia

  5. 2 Prescott Terrace Toorak Gardens - contact agent
  6. 444 Magill Road Kensington Gardens SA 5068 contact agent
    • in NSW:
  7. 116 Sydney Road Fairlight Guide $2,100,000 - $2,300,000 Auction: Sat 17-Sep-16 11:15AM
  8. 132 Shaftsbury Road Eastwood, NSW 2122 Auction: Sat 09 July 2016 at 02:00 PM
  9. Fermanagh 47 Morton Avenue, Yass NSW 2582, asking $1,100,000
  10. Manor House, 22 Glebe Street Yass NSW 2582, TV Star - 46 rooms, including a ballroom that can seat 100 people
    • in Victoria
  11. 110 Princess Street, Kew VIC 3101 - Sold
  12. 26 Linda Crescent Hawthorn Vic 3122Sold Date: Sat 19-Mar-16
    and in Tasmania:
  13. Cooinda, 3707 Channel Highway Birchs Bay Tas 7162, asking $3m
  14. Claremont 13 Claremont Street, Launceston Tas. (asking $2m?)
  15. The Gables, 1 Cedar Court Sandy Bay Tas 7005 (see above, $2m)
  16. Hargate, 191 George Street Launceston Tas 7250, Registered on the National Estate Offers Around $1,100,000 Considered

Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. (jump to article)

Recommended books:

Click picture or link to find in a bookshop:
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external image 9780959492392.jpg
external image 9781875253111.jpg
external image shopping?q=tbn:ANd9GcQYFLHlSn8moFNrAm5HYxk2S-SQB56EprpQRFvHcK_eXv1UX3OSr8eH0k-xrurBkjXxzf3NVgn7&usqp=CAE
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Getting the Details Right
Ian Evans
Towards the Dawn .
Federation Architecture in Australia 1890-1915,
by Trevor Howells and Michael Nicholson,
The Federation House:
Australia's Own Style,
by Hugh Fraser
2nd edition, 2002
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian
3rd edition, 2004
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1992
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1999
Restoring Australian Houses
Ian Evans
Getting the Details Right: Restoring Australian Houses 1890s-1920s

Previous Posts:

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Leura, Bellevue Hill

Architect Walter Liberty Vernon
Alba Longa,
Appian Way Burwood
Milton Park, Bowral
Architects Morrow and De Putron
Architect Harold

Recent Posts:

see also : "In the News":

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Federation Fame

Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.
Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.

Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m
Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m

Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD.
There are significant differences:

From Australian Stories Australian architecture:
  • "The ornate Federation house, built mainly between 1900 and 1914, was a sign of prosperity - an Australian version of the English Edwardian house.
  • Federation houses were detached, with gardens, and with Australian motifs and a roof of terracotta tiles with detailed fretwork in the roof gables and windows.
  • Many houses had a sunrise motif in the front gable as a sign of the dawning of a new century.
  • Add-ons and renovations with heritage restraints were a constant experience of living in a federation house.
  • By the First World War (1914-1918), there was a shortage of tradesmen and materials. The cost of houses had to be reduced, so the ceilings were lowered to create 'bungalows', houses which were built between 1915 and 1940. Gone was most of the detail, and a plainer style lead lighting was put into the front windows."

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Blackwood House in Melbourne by Butler and Ussher in 1891
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Sam Hood (1872-1953), Family with car &
Queenslander house, 1920's.

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Federation house in Cairns, 1914.
Redleaf House, Wahroonga
Sydney, 1899 by Howard Joseland

Dining Room with Fretwork ArchWestholme, Water Street, Wahroonga 1894 by Howard Joseland
Living room with timber trim, ceilingWestholme, Water Street, Wahroonga 1894 by Howard Joseland
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Fireplace in the Camellia room, Mananga, Berry NSW 1894 by Howard Joseland
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Cast iron restored bath in en suite, Mananga, Berry NSW 1894 by Howard Joseland

Picturesque and eye catching houses

Federation-style houses constitute a unique statement of patriotism since Federation details used Australia's remarkable flora and fauna.
"For the first time, the flowers, birds and animals of the bush were used to decorate plaster, pressed metal, glass, terracotta and fretworked timber. ." Ian Evans "
  • Decorative features such as gables and motifs adorn the roofs of the property.
  • The rising sun emblem that appeared on countless gable ends symbolised the dawn of a new age for Australia and was itself adopted as a national symbol
Leadlight windows are also a common feature and as a result, Federation houses are often very picturesque and eye catching." - Archicentre - see below
  • These rambling homes are regarded as the first design style that embraced the outdoor lifestyle. Blocks were deep to allow for homegrown food cultivation.

Since I live in a Sydney suburb with a rich heritage of these houses, I hope to document the details of these and similar houses in these pages. Eventually I hope this site will be a definitive source of Federation decorative detail.
  • Anyone with similar interests is very welcome to contribute to this topic.
  • You can leave comments on my blog Federation Details. To comment here you need to join this Wiki, please.

Federation Features

The features of Federation style architecture include:
  1. Red brick walls of a deep red or dark brown brick, often with a mix of the two
  2. Exposed rafter ends visible under roofs, a characteristic usually visible, not obscured by gutters
  3. Some times the mortar is 'tuck-pointed" to make a ridge of white mortar running along the joints between the bricks.
  4. Dominant roofs,
    often broken by false gables and capped by terracotta frilled ridges and motifs decorating the exterior of the property.
    Lenoma, (Federation Queen Anne style) 7 Chrystobel Crescent, Hawthorn
  5. Ttimber verandah columns supplemented by elaborate timber decoration, often in art nouveau style -
    "Federation homes are known for their often exuberant timber ornamental decorations.
    Friezes fretwork, balustrades, art nouveau style swirled brackets and arch supports are all common." - Manly Council
  6. Bay windows with shingles, or in large buildings, oriels on upper floors
  7. Leadlight window panes or a set of small coloured glass windows above the main window set.
  8. Low picket fences usually painted white or cream
  9. Large decorative ceilings often of pressed metal or with decorative cornices
  10. Minimal gardens with hedges.
  11. Australiana decorative detail
  12. Outdoor toilets in un-renovated houses
Keep reading... next page: Four Federation Housing styles or below, Federation Style advice

Federation Domestic features:

A common Federation design designed by builders of the period

Image courtesy Manly Council NSW
HABERFIELD - THE GARDEN SUBURBWHEN Sunday 5 MayTIME 1:30-4pmCOST $10 | Bookings EssentialCONTACT 0412707898 | vacrow@hotmail.comAddress - To be given upon booking.The event will be postponed if there is rain. The creation of the suburb of Haberfield in 1901 was a milestone for the local community, in that it transformed residential development there from a 19th century model to that of a Garden Suburb. This was a milestone for the national community as Haberfield became Australia’s first planned Garden Suburb ‘establishing a model for Australia’s suburban development in the 20th century’. This walking tour will include houses open for inspection, tour notes and afternoon tea