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Shingle styles
Shingle styles

Jump in: to ask questions or participate in discussion, click middle button above herelearn more: Video Tours of Federation and Heritage Homes;Latest Posts: Art Nouveau Homes, Shingle styles in Australia, Dalvui, Terang, Vic, Edwardian Kitchens, Why you should get professional property photos, Millers Point Apartments, Generational Federation houses.

Quick Picks: Open for Inspection, Desirable Features, Classic Federation Features, Federation Beauties

Bellevue Hill home Leura sets suburb record at $30 million
Leura, Bellevue Hill
Leura, Bellevue Hill

Nov 10, 2015 Lucy Macken Domain
The Bellevue Hill heritage mansion Leura has sold for more than $30 million on Monday afternoon, setting a suburb record in the process.
  • See post Leura, Bellevue Hill
  • The sale by businessman Ken Allen and his wife, Christine, to an Australian buyer came the day before it was scheduled to go to auction, and for in excess of its original $30 million guide.
  • Built in the 1890s for Tom Knox, managing director of the Dalgety stock and station agency, in the Federation Queen Anne style and set on a vast 4260 square metres, the mansion includes eight bedrooms, eight bathrooms, a ballroom, tennis court and a swimming pool.

Millers Point NSW c1910 block of Four Heritage Apartments Sold for $5.5m unrenovated

Nov 5, 2015 Jennifer Duke
Image by: Lucy Moore, NSW Heritage Branch
Image by: Lucy Moore, NSW Heritage Branch

On Thursday 5th October 2015, a block of four apartments at 18-20 Munn Street sold to an investor for $5.5 million, McGrath Edgecliff sales agent Richard Shalhoub​ said.
  • “Prices are doing very well in Millers Point, but it takes more than just the purchase price – many of the homes need substantial [conservation] restorations and buyers are not scared to spend on these homes,” Mr Shalhoub said.
  • A significant proportion of interest in the prospects of the area has come from investors, particularly as a result of the booming Barangaroo precinct, and home buyers are also out in force looking for the “old charm” of the heritage homes, he said.

Redcourt. a landmark manor with a celebrity-name renovation, is thought to have sold for more than $10 million.

The restored Queen Anne-style mansion is a place of sheer beauty.
The restored Queen Anne-style mansion is a place of sheer beauty.

Young entrepreneur Adam Garrison, who – among other ventures – rescues old buildings from demolition, is believed to have offloaded Armadale’s landmark Redcourt mansion.

The media-shy businessman bought the Orrong Road property from the state government in 2009, before undertaking a four-year restoration of the 127-year old Queen Anne manor and its substantial 3500 square metre grounds.

Developed by glass and timber merchant Edward Yencken, the 14-bedroom red-brick mansion was occupied as a student rooming house before falling into disrepair and being abandoned in the mid 1990s.

Older stories:

Requiem: Spurling House, 38 Black Street Brighton

Disaster! Toorak residents furious as developer begins demolition of $18.5m mansion

Open for Inspection:

31 Telegraph Road Pymble
31 Telegraph Road Pymble

53 Telegraph Road, Pymble
53 Telegraph Road, Pymble

6 Black Street, Brighton
6 Black Street, Brighton

191 George Street, Launceston
191 George Street, Launceston
  1. 4 Balham Avenue Kingswood SA 5062
  2. 288 Kensington Road Leabrook SA 5068 (over $2m)
    in NSW:
  3. Sandon, 31 Telegraph Road Pymble, & Redriff, 53 Telegraph Road Pymble NSW
    (both by appointment, $$$, both State Heritage listed in a street of over 15 Heritage listed properties)
  4. Rowe Cottage, Mittagong NSW; State Heritage Listed:
    in Victoria
  5. 6 Black Street Brighton Vic 3186
  6. Northumbria, 74 Fairview Avenue Newtown, Geelong Vic 3220
    and in Tasmania:
  7. Hargate, 191 George Street Launceston Tas 7250, Registered on the National Estate
  8. 52 King Street Scottsdale Tas 7260
  9. 41 West Tamar Highway, LAUNCESTON TAS 7250
  10. 197 Goulburn St, West Hobart TAS 7000
  11. 16 Elphinstone Road Mount Stuart Tas nr Hobart 7000

Classic Federation Houses

Sourced from three different States of Australia, here are three very different houses, all built in Federation times, but with varying internal styles. Two of these houses have never been sold before in their century old existence.
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Tukurua, (1896) 1-9 Rosendo Street, Cottesloe WA 6011
Recently completely renovated, and possibly sold for the first time to Twiggy Forrest for $16 million,
then again, probably not destined for asylum seeker occupation!
Lugano, Circa 1916 - 17 Victoria Square, Ashfield NSW 2131
Expectations are set at more than $3 million for the grand Federation mansion, complete with original timber panelling, servant’s bell and an original 1917 bathroom.
Glendale, (1910) 1 Barkly Street, Brunswick East VIC 3057
An impressive grand unrenovated 1910 Edwardian home, boasts an array of original period features.

Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD. (jump to article)

Recommended books:
Click picture or link to find in a bookshop:
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Getting the Details Right
Ian Evans
Towards the Dawn .
Federation Architecture in Australia 1890-1915,
by Trevor Howells and Michael Nicholson,
The Federation House:
Australia's Own Style,
by Hugh Fraser
2nd edition, 2002
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian
3rd edition, 2004
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1992
The Federation House
A Restoration Guide
by Evans,Ian 1999
Restoring Australian Houses
Ian Evans
Getting the Details Right: Restoring Australian Houses 1890s-1920s

Two new books from Melbourne University Press:

external image 9780522866322Great Properties of Country Victoria
Richard Allen
  • Hardback $59.99
The Western District of Victoria.
Even the name conjures up establishment families, history and grandeur. This area, extending from the Grampians region in the south-west of the state to Geelong in the east, and stretching as far north as Ararat, has some of the most productive land in Australia and some of its most renowned homesteads and gardens. - See more :
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The Constant Renovators
Marie Romeo, Dominic Romeo
  • Paperback $45.00
Restoring Grandeur
An aspirational, inspirational coffee table book, beautifully designed and full colour.
Dominic and Marie Romeo are experienced and passionate renovators of important heritage properties that are under threat of decay and loss to the national estate. The Romeos have refurbished and brought back to life six significant properties, including one of the largest private houses ever built in Australia: Rupertswood, the birthplace of The Ashes, in Sunbury, Victoria. - See more:

Which Federation Style?

Federation Queen Anne Styleexternal image Queen%20Anne%20animation%201200%20small.gif

Federation Filigree Styleexternal image Filigree%20Animation%201200%20med.gif
Federation Arts and Craftsexternal image Arts%20Crafts%20animation%201200%20small.gif
Federation Bungalowexternal image Bungalow%20animation%201200%20small.gif
[Next page: Four Federation Housing styles]


Previous Posts:

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Leura, Bellevue Hill
Architect Walter Liberty Vernon
Alba Longa,
Appian Way Burwood
Milton Park, Bowral
Architects Morrow and De Putron
Architect Harold
Recent Posts:

see also : "In the News":

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Federation Fame
Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.
Too late ... Historic Arden, in Hawthorn East will be knocked down to make way for a four-storey apartment block.

Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m
Historic Peppermint Grove property sold for 17.5 m

Federation architecture refers to the architectural style of Australian homes built around the decades before and after 1900 AD.
There are significant differences:
From Australian Stories Australian architecture
  • "The ornate Federation house, built mainly between 1900 and 1914, was a sign of prosperity - an Australian version of the English Edwardian house.
  • Federation houses were detached, with gardens, and with Australian motifs and a roof of terracotta tiles with detailed fretwork in the roof gables and windows.
  • Many houses had a sunrise motif in the front gable as a sign of the dawning of a new century.
  • Add-ons and renovations with heritage restraints were a constant experience of living in a federation house.
  • By the First World War (1914-1918), there was a shortage of tradesmen and materials. The cost of houses had to be reduced, so the ceilings were lowered to create 'bungalows', houses which were built between 1915 and 1940. Gone was most of the detail, and a plainer style lead lighting was put into the front windows."

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Blackwood House in Melbourne
external image hood_queenslander_web.jpg Sam Hood (1872-1953), Family with car &Queenslander house, 1920's.
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Federation house in Cairns, 1914.

Picturesque and eye catching houses

Federation-style houses constitute a unique statement of patriotism since Federation details used Australia's remarkable flora and fauna.
"For the first time, the flowers, birds and animals of the bush were used to decorate plaster, pressed metal, glass, terracotta and fretworked timber. ." Ian Evans "
  • Decorative features such as gables and motifs adorn the roofs of the property.
  • The rising sun emblem that appeared on countless gable ends symbolised the dawn of a new age for Australia and was itself adopted as a national symbol
Leadlight windows are also a common feature and as a result, Federation houses are often very picturesque and eye catching." - Archicentre - see below
  • These rambling homes are regarded as the first design style that embraced the outdoor lifestyle. Blocks were deep to allow for homegrown food cultivation.

Since I live in a Sydney suburb with a rich heritage of these houses, I hope to document the details of these and similar houses in these pages. Eventually I hope this site will be a definitive source of Federation decorative detail.
  • Anyone with similar interests is very welcome to contribute to this topic.
  • You can leave comments on my blog Federation Details. To comment here you need to join this Wiki, please.

Federation Features

The features of Federation style architecture include:
  1. Red brick walls of a deep red or dark brown brick, often with a mix of the two
  2. Exposed rafter ends visible under roofs, a characteristic usually visible, not obscured by gutters
  3. Some times the mortar is 'tuck-pointed" to make a ridge of white mortar running along the joints between the bricks.
  4. Dominant roofs,
    often broken by false gables and capped by terracotta frilled ridges and motifs decorating the exterior of the property.
    Lenoma, (Federation Queen Anne style) 7 Chrystobel Crescent, Hawthorn
  5. Ttimber verandah columns supplemented by elaborate timber decoration, often in art nouveau style -
    "Federation homes are known for their often exuberant timber ornamental decorations.
    Friezes fretwork, balustrades, art nouveau style swirled brackets and arch supports are all common." - Manly Council
  6. Bay windows with shingles, or in large buildings, oriels on upper floors
  7. Leadlight window panes or a set of small coloured glass windows above the main window set.
  8. Low picket fences usually painted white or cream
  9. Large decorative ceilings often of pressed metal or with decorative cornices
  10. Minimal gardens with hedges.
  11. Australiana decorative detail
  12. Outdoor toilets in un-renovated houses
Keep reading... next page: Four Federation Housing styles or below, Federation Style advice

A common Federation design designed by builders of the period

Image courtesy Manly Council NSW

HABERFIELD - THE GARDEN SUBURBWHEN Sunday 5 MayTIME 1:30-4pmCOST $10 | Bookings EssentialCONTACT 0412707898 | vacrow@hotmail.comAddress - To be given upon booking.The event will be postponed if there is rain. The creation of the suburb of Haberfield in 1901 was a milestone for the local community, in that it transformed residential development there from a 19th century model to that of a Garden Suburb. This was a milestone for the national community as Haberfield became Australia’s first planned Garden Suburb ‘establishing a model for Australia’s suburban development in the 20th century’. This walking tour will include houses open for inspection, tour notes and afternoon tea